Leander Harris was born March 12, 1833, in Fairlee township, Orange County, Vermont,
the third of eight children of Stephen Harris and Mary Jane Colby. Leander married
Emily S. Hunt (1835-1866), daughter of Jacob E. and Anna Hunt, and they had two
daughters: Annie M. in June 1857, and Clara Josephine in September 1858. Although
essentially a shoemaker by trade, in 1861 Leander was elected to the office of town
clerk in Hampstead, Rockingham County, New Hampshire.
Later in the year Leander resigned this civil position and at the beginning of the
Civil War he enlisted on the 1st of September for three years service in the Union
army. On the 18th of September he was mustered in as a private into Company I of the
Fourth New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Manchester, New Hampshire. Under
the command of Lieutenant Colonel Louis Bell, his regiment was sent south on
September 27 to Washington, District of Columbia, then on to Annapolis, Maryland, to
join in General Thomas West Sherman’s Expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina.
There they saw the destruction of Forts Walker and Beauregard along with the capture
of Hilton Head. The regiment camped in Hilton Head for the winter until January 1862
when they were sent to Florida to aid in the capture of the towns of Fernandina,
Jacksonville and St. Augustine. By September 1862, the regiment was returned to
Beaufort, South Carolina, for the winter. In the spring of 1863, as part of a
brigade commanded by Colonel Bell, they began the long battle to capture the South
Carolina Forts Wagner and Gregg on Morris Island, and Fort Sumter in Charleston.
From June to December 1864, a detachment of the 4th New Hampshire was sent to the
Army of the James and took part in the long siege of Petersburg, Virginia. In
January 1865, they also took part in the assault and capture of Fort Fisher, North
Leander’s usual position was an aid at the military base hospital which included the
duties of cutting wood and bringing water to the cooks. For a short time he filled
in the vacant position of steward at the hospital and later in the war, he was sent
to the trenches to bring water to the soldiers. Toward the end of the war, he was
assigned the duty of mail messenger.
Leander’s strong patriotism combined with the handsome bounty and furlough offered to
the veteran soldiers persuaded him to re-enlist for another three years duty and on
February 29, 1864, he was mustered again into the service. At the end of the war, he
was mustered out at Raleigh, North Carolina, on August 23, 1865. Leander’s brothers,
Elmer, George and Joseph Harris, also volunteered and served throughout their terms
in the Union Army with the exception of George who died in 1864.
Following the war, Leander and his family went to live in Bradford, Essex County,
Massachusetts. He worked and eventually became foreman in a shoe factory in
Hampstead, NH, as did his brothers, Elmer and Joseph. Six months after his return
from the war, in February 1866, Emily died from diphtheria, and ca. 1875 Leander
married his cousin, Elizabeth D. Colby (they did not have children). Before the turn
of the century, Leander and his wife moved to a farm on Crank road in Hampton Falls,
Rockingham County, New Hampshire, near his daughter. There he took up farming and
spent his remaining days until his death on August 25, 1912. Leander and Elizabeth
Harris are buried in the Westview Cemetery on Nason road in Hampton Falls, New
The collection consists of 233 items arranged in five series, dating between 1852 and
1912. The bulk of the letters are from 1861-1865. They contain original personal
letters, military papers, a few photographs and other miscellaneous items. The first
series consists mainly of personal letters written during the Civil War years
1861-1865, from Leander Harris to his wife Emily. These letters mention details of
events that took place during his service, carry news of family members and friends,
describe the weather and places, and include personal notes and political opinions.
The second series contains various items related to the war itself. The third series
consists of Emily’s letters to her husband and mainly focus on her worries, family
news and events, town gossip and political opinions. The fourth series contains
personal letters from family members and friends to either Leander or Emily. They
range in content from personal events and opinions to religious advice. The fifth
and last series contains a few visual items – photographs, an ambrotype, and a
Letters that have an asterisk (*) after the date are transcriptions only. We do not
possess the originals of these.
This collection is open.
Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions
about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.
[Identification of item], [Folder], [Box], Leander Harris Letters, 1852-1912, MC
193, Milne Special Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire
Library, Durham, NH, USA.
|Box 1, Folder 1||October - December,
1861. Contains seven letters.
- October 8, 1861: Addressed from Camp Sherman on
weather, camp life, correspondence and regiment schedule.
- November 1, 1861: An incomplete, un-addressed letter, second page
of a two paged letter. On the death count of the Port Royal
Expedition. The ships Union (captured), Governor (foundered), and
Peerless (foundered) when caught in a storm. Business with Mr.
Ordway. On family issues, Annie’s broken sled and Thanksgiving
- November 1-2, 1861: An incomplete, un-addressed
letter, on family issues: Nichols, Josie and chicken-pox, Annie,
Elmer, Nelson and Hattie Lewis, Ruth and Andrew Johnson.
- * November 21, : On the bombardment of Forts
Walker and Beauregard, work at the hospital, Dr. Josiah Eastman, Dr.
George Greely, patients Leavy and Andrew Johnson.
- November 27, 1861: An incomplete letter written aboard
the “Baltic” on the fleet of gunboats, capture of Fort Pulaski,
death of John Kelley, Brewster, Dr. Eastman, Dr. Craven, Dr. Greeley
and Dr. Dearborn, and his safety.
- November 28, 1861: From Hilton Head Island, SC, on
camp meals, Captain Goodrich of CT attached to General Wright’s
staff on “Baltic”, political views, regiment drilling, accident in a
PA regiment, Andrew [Johnson], Elmer in 14th NH Regiment near Fort
Albany, Noyes, William, Nelson, Hattie, Lewis and Ruth, Annie, Hall
and Clara’s folk.
- Undated: An incomplete, un-addressed letter on camp
life, hospital duties, Beman, rebels, photos, Nelson and Hattie
Lewis, Ruth, Annie, and Clara’s folk.
|Box 1, Folder 2||January - March,
1862. Contains six letters.
- January, : On camp life, Allen’s Point, Mrs. and
- January 1, 1862: From Hilton Head on letters, ship
Vanderbilt, health of regiment, Brewster, Nelson, Hattie, Lewis and
- January 2, 1862: From Beaufort S.C. on New Years
holiday, Dr. Eastman, his views of Blacks, and working in the
- March 11, : On transfer to Fort Fisher, Dr.
Dearborn, Dr. Mitchel, Julia, Emma and Henry.
- March 13, 1862: Written at Fernandina describing
Jacksonville, company detachments sent to Fernandina, Mayport, the
gunboats “Huron” and “Ottawa” at Jacksonville and rebels burning
- March 19 : From Jacksonville, on his birthday,
correspondence, miniatures, mockingbirds and area, rumors of army
successes and war to be over soon, orders to St. Augustine, Annie
|Box 1, Folder 3||April - June, 1962.
Contains eight letters.
- April 13, 1862: From St. Augustine on his orders,
companies in Jacksonville, Fernandina, 97th PA sent to Hilton Head,
widow Sawyer, St. Augustine, men lost, consumption, and family news
including Josie and the measles, sister Ruth, the boys, Hattie and
- April 17-19, 1862: From St. Augustine on
correspondence, weather and surroundings.
- May 9-11, 1862: From St. Augustine, about books,
regimental band, battles, correspondence, Clara, Emmy, Elmer, Mr.
Howe, Hall, Nelson and Hattie.
- May 16, 1862: On letter correspondence, George and his
enlistment, health of regiment, Mr. Bragdon, Brewster, weather and
- May 25-June 1, 1862: On regimental health, weather,
regimental band, Port Royal, Dr. Eastman and his wife, Charleston,
Henry and correspondence.
- June 5, 1862: From the Army of the Potomac, on duty in
rifle trench, Elmer’s regiment, Haynes since Bermuda Hundred.
- June 8-18, 1862: Addressed from St. Augustine on
Emmy’s birthday, death of Mr. Taylor, steward position promised by
Dr. Eastman, clothing to be sent, and William.
- June 19, 1862: From St. Augustine on cholera morbus
(Acute gastroenteritis), Wilson’s house and war progress.
|Box 1, Folder 4||July - September,
1862. Contains eleven letters.
- July 13-21, 1862: From St. Augustine on love notes,
assurance of his safety, new position as hospital steward, his new
quarters and duties as acting steward, military band, imminent
guerrilla attack, visits with the Doctor and wife, Mrs. Morse and
Mrs. Sawyer, on love notes and their years of marriage, alarms for
calling troops in the night to fight guerrillas, pickets, the black
Doctor, Colonel Bell’s determination, and the “Florida
- July 22-25, 1862: On his disappointment in the mail
and lack of war news, rumors of McClelland army being defeated near
Richmond, France recognizing the United States government, and
- August 1-2, 1862: Incomplete, un-addressed letter. On
boys going home, plants native to the area: red and white oleanders,
and crape myrtle.
- August 3-7, 1862: From St. Augustine on steamer
departures, “Darlington”, Commissary Cole, miniatures, love notes
and his safety.
- August 8-11, 1862: From St. Augustine on the
mosquitoes, their letters, the Doctor’s leave of absence, court
martial of officers for drunkenness and disorderly conduct, Benj.
Wheeler’s commission as 2d Lieutenant, arrival of new chaplain, lack
of mail, Ruth, Hattie and spouses and Clara and family.
- August 17, 1862: From St. Augustine on steamer from
Key West leaving for Port Royal, lack of mail, his and regiment’s
- August 25, 1862: From St. Augustine on their
anniversary, dreams, Doctor’s leave of absence, Brewster serving in
rebel ranks, and Elmer’s Colonel.
- September 6-7, 1862: From St. Augustine, on his
preparations to leave after being in St. Augustine for five months,
Joseph in the 7th New Hampshire regiment staying with him, Brewster
desertion and joining with the Confederacy.
- September 14, 1862: From St. Augustine on his safety,
Joseph in the 7th NH regiment, departure for Beaufort, and nurse
John Dow of Atkinson.
- September 16-17, 1862: From Beaufort, SC, describing
camp life and area, Virginia troops, discusses politics, arrival of
Assistant Surgeon, Dr. Cumming’s daughter, Mary, vacant Steward
position, arrival of General Mitchell at Hilton Head replacing
Hunter, military band, Ruth, Hattie and Dorothy.
- September 24, 1862: From Beaufort on Emmy’s political
views, Dr. Eastman’s daughter Mary, Dr. Greeley, the new Doctor,
Mrs. Eastman, Richard Petty’s death, and insects.
|Box 1, Folder 5||October - December,
1862. Contains nine letters.
- October 5, 1862: From Beaufort on their
correspondence, Doctor’s arrival, Ruth, Emmy, his safety, battles,
reports of disbandment, Colonel Bell at Hilton Head, General
Mitchell, Brigadier General Terry at Augustine, Governor Berry,
Captain Ben DeFord and 1st Brigadier General Knight.
- October 13, 1862: From Beaufort on the Doctor’s
discharge, Brewster’s desertion for rebel service, hopes for
Steward’s position, the Colonel’s dislike for Dr. Eastman, the
impending expedition, medical supplies needed, 4th Regiment not
disbanded, Dr. Eastman’s advice for Colonel Whipple.
- * October 25, 1862: From Beaufort S.C. on battle at the
Pocotaligo bridge and retreat, Jim Haynes, Mrs. Sawyer, Dr. Eastman
still in St. Augustine.
- October 29-30, 1862: From Beaufort on his return,
length of the war, his Regiment charging the rebel batteries, the
Doctor’s departure for Hilton Head, Lieutenant Cole’s Hampstead
visit, Lincoln’s Proclamation, death of General Mitchell, Nelson,
Lewis and Emily.
- November 18, 1862: From Beaufort on Mrs. Sawyer,
Haynes, Dr. Eastman’s discharge, political views, Steward position,
his safety, children’s miniatures, books at Dr. Eastman’s and Uncle
- December 4-12, 1862: From Beaufort on their
correspondence and family.
- Unknown date: An incomplete letter on his political
views, his mother’s health, Joseph, daughters Josie, Annie and
- December 17, 1862: From Beaufort on return to Florida
and General Mitchell’s death.
- December 21, 1862: From Beaufort on Dr. Cumming, his
“bilious attack,” Haynes and Hart, the Ward Master position, Captain
Brown’s resignation, the new steward, Dr. Greeley, Dr. Eastman, Mr.
Howe, Regiment at Port Royal.
|Box 1, Folder 6||January - March,
1863. Contains six letters.
- January 19-24, 1863: From Beaufort on his safety,
Charlie Shannon’s death, Joseph, Emily’s picture, possible regiment
movement, Burly Mason, and Dr. Cummings.
- Fragment letter: Men from the regiment escort deserters to General
Meade’s headquarters in Sulpher Springs. A request for more men to
escort deserters to Sulpher Springs raises the sore question of
- February 5-8, 1863: From Beaufort on letters,
political views, Lieutenant Colonel, Mrs. Sleeper, Hattie’s baby and
- February 11, 1863: From Beaufort on their
correspondence, his mother, Margaret, Haynes’ health, orders to
move, pay situation and Emmy’s letters.
- March 26, 1863: From Beaufort on his last letter,
leaving Beaufort, General Laxton’s objection, General Hunter’s
change of orders, picket duty at Port Royal ferry, Mrs. Sawyer, Jim,
Hilton Head, little Ettie’s death, rumors about war ending, Dr.
Cummings at Hilton Head.
- March 29, 1863: From Beaufort on the regiment picket
and Hilton Head.
|Box 1, Folder 7||April - June, 1863.
Contains four letters.
- May 3, 1863: From Folly Island, SC, on encampment near
Fort Sumter and the rebels.
- May 13, 1863: From Folly Island, on the season,
seashore, Mrs. Sawyer, Elmer, Hattie’s baby, his father, mother, and
- May 19, 1863: Addressed from “in Camp” on details of
picket duty, the trenches, letters to Fort Monroe, defeat and
accomplishment of his regiment, and Elmer at Fort Cass.
- June 30-July 2, 1863: From Camp Howell on Folly
Island, birthdays of Emmy and Annie, 7th Regiment encampment,
political views, burning letters for their safety, English streamer
in Charleston, J.C. Dickerman, Emma’s grandmother at Landown
|Box 1, Folder 8||July - September,
1863. Contains three letters.
- July 8, 1863: From Camp Howell, Folly Island, on
Emmy’s accident, preparing for attack, General Vodges’ compliments,
regiments in reserve, sister Ruth and baby.
- August 31, 1863: From Morris Island on siege of
Charleston, the near demolish of Fort Sumter by General Gilmore, and
- September 6, 1863: From Morris Island on the mail,
Elmer, Joseph, and money issues.
|Box 1, Folder 9||October - December,
1863. Contains six letters.
- October 3, 1863: From Morris Island, SC, on the war
and the country.
- October 6, 1863: From Morris Island, on
correspondence, the soldiers and the work on fortifications, the
rebels, report of fleet passing batteries, 15-inch guns, blame on
the Admiral, General Gilmore and mail boat Arago.
- November 8, 1863: From Morris Island, on love notes,
Lincoln’s policy, their disagreement on politics, Martha Griffin’s
marriage to George Bailey, Brewster and the rebels, Nelson, Hattie
- November 23, 1863: From Morris Island, on letters and
Emmy’s political views on the enemy, shoemaking, weather and the new
- November 28-December 6, 1863: From Morris Island on
their letters, the batteries, mounting mortars on Sullivan’s Island,
ironclad ships and Fort Sumter.
- December 12, 1863: From Morris Island, on letters, the
weather and William.
|Box 1, Folder 10||January - March,
1864. Contains five letters.
- January 6, 1864: From Morris Island, on camp life,
bounty and furlough offers to re-enlistments.
- January 12, 1864: From Morris Island, on Emmy’s
health, letters and diary, weather, the children, Annie, Joe and Dr.
- January 22, 1864: From Morris Island, on his health,
rumors of departing for Beaufort, influence of the NH “democratic
papers”, political differences, and Nelson.
- February 7, 1864: From Morris Island, on bounty and
furlough offers, bounty allowing to get away from shoemaking, Emmy’s
views on re-enlistment, a possible expedition for the 7th Regiment,
daily duties and Lewis.
- February 14, 1864: From Beaufort, SC, on little Jo,
regiment orders and departure for Beaufort, Morris Island, General
|Box 1, Folder 11||April - June, 1864.
Contains fifteen letters.
- * April 11, 1864: From Concord on returning after being
home on a furlough waiting to return to his regt, train from
Windham, promise to abstain from alcohol, on Henry.
- April 20, 1864: From Arlington Heights, VA, on the
Potomac near Fort Cass, Elmer, Joseph as prisoner, and Fred
- April 22, 1864: From Arlington Heights, on love notes,
his patriotism, Annie and Josie.
- April 23-25, 1864: From Arlington Heights, on drill
practice, weather, General Casey’s division, the move towards
Alexandria, Washington City, troops and Brigades and troops, Henry,
the Chaplain, Brigades of the 9th and 11th Maine, 3rd and 4th NH
Regiments, steamers to Fortress Monroe, Elmer, Henry.
- * April 28-29, 1864: From Yorktown, VA on camp life,
soldiers receiving mail, move towards Williamsburg, Henry,
- May 3-8, 1864: From Gloucester Point, Yorktown, VA, on
an imminent move, picket near Petersburg, VA, Emmy’s letter, his
safety, burning letters for safety reasons, sharp fighting.
- May 11, 1864: From Near City Point, VA, views on the
war, relief from picket duty, march back to camp, and
- May 20-23, 1864: An incomplete letter addressed from
“On picket”, on a hard fight, discussion on war; relief from picket
duty, Butler’s Army, Grant to Richmond, enemy communication broken,
- * May 27, 1864: From near Bermuda Hundred on Henry in
the hospital, moving to unknown location, fear of Emmy or family
sick, dream about Emmy, General Grant, General Lee.
- May 31, 1864: From White House Landing, VA, on health
concerns, departure from Bermuda Hundred for York River.
- June [erroneously dated as May] 6, 1864: From the Army
of the Potomac, on trench duty, good “breastworks”, enemy attacked
but repulsed and Elmer’s regiment.
- June 8, 1864: From near Coal Harbor, VA, on Emmy’s
birthday, orders to report to Brigadier Head-Quarters for position
as Post Master, town bounty, William, Allen Martin, Elmer, Frank
Jackman killed and Charles Ayer.
- * June 10, 1864: From near Coal Harbor, VA, on comfort
of recieving letters, General Hancock, General Smith, Bottoms
Bridge, Elmer, Charles Grover, Henry Little, Col. Bell, Hattie,
Ruth, Henry’s injury, and on his abstaining from alcohol.
- * June 18, 1864: From near Bermuda Hundred, on their
change of location, fighting at Whitehill near Petersburg, response
to Emmy’s letter
- June 29, 1864: From near Petersburg, on Elmer,
artillery firing, General Grant, Leander’s health, lower prices at
|Box 1, Folder 12||July - September,
1864. Contains ten letters.
- July 4, 1864: From near Petersburg, on Elmer, Mother,
an imminent fight.
- July 9, 1864: From near Petersburg, on Elmer as
prisoner, rebel attack, prisoners from Birney’s Division and General
- July 13, 1864: From near Petersburg, on his apologies,
his weight, pictures of Lieutenant Jewett and Colonel Bell, Captain
Clough, Frank and Charlie Colby.
- August 3, 1864: From Bermuda Hundred, VA, on fight
near Petersburg leaving killed and wounded, Corporal Young, Captain
J. M. Clough, Henry Mann, an American flag and Elmer.
- August 7, 1864: From Bermuda Hundred, on the Division,
the flies, Mother, William, Elmer, Leander’s pay.
- * August 9, 1864: From Bermuda Hundred, on weather, Gen.
Grant, William, his Mother, Annie, Josie, his health.
- August 11, 1864: An incomplete letter from Bermuda
Hundred, on Emmy’s letters, weather conditions.
- August 19, 1864: From Jones Landing, VA, on Bermuda
Hundred departure, loss of men, Henry wounded, Ed McNeil killed,
weather conditions, Brigadier Colonel Bell’s leave of absence and
reputation, marching orders, heavy firing around Petersburg, camp
- * August 23, 1864: From Bermuda Hundred, VA, on his
return to Bermuda Hundred, Emmy and his love, the current campaign
and the loss of men, his health, visit to Point of rocks to see
Haynes, and on the weather.
- September 1, 1864: From near Petersburg, on his
departure, knapsack lost, letter burning for safety reasons, Josie’s
birthday, Emmy’s dream, Mother, 4th NH Regiment soldier David
Runnels, duty in the trenches, his safety, Haynes’ departure,
- September 7, 1864: From the Tenth A.C. Hospital, on
his departure from the Brigadier Head-Quarters, George, Mother, Lt.
Wheeler, E. P. Hall, Henry, Sgt. John T. Walcott.
- September 24, 1864: From the Base Hospital 10″ A.C.,
near Broadway Landing, VA, on General McClelland, opposing political
views, Elmer at West Amesbury, Josie, Annie, confidence in General
Grant, General Sheridan.
|Box 1, Folder 13||October - December,
1864. Contains four letters.
- October 23, 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, VA, about re-enlistment, Joseph’s escape from the
Andersonville rebels, Georgia, Bushbee’s death, Mother, Hattie’s
- * November 5, 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, VA, on response to Emmy’s letter, passing on a furlough to
go home and vote, and on his health.
- * November 15, 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, VA, on Emmy’s unhappiness and his love for her.
- * November 20 , 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, VA, on his new place built for the winter, his leisure
time, and on his health.
- December 4, 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, on white and colored troops consolidation, the hospital,
departure for Point of Rocks on Appomattox River, coming home,
Mother, Elmer, Mr. Buck, Haynes.
- * December 10 , 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, VA, on staying with sick patients while everyone else moves
to new location, Regt. to meet Gen. Sherman, snow storm and current
weather, fighting on the front, waiting for his furlough, letter
from Mrs. Haynes.
- December 15, 1864: From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones
Landing, on moving, the furlough, Joseph, Billy Norton as
Lieutenant, Mr. Brown.
- December 31, 1864: From U.S. General Hospital, Point
of Rocks, VA, on his new location, town bounty.
|Box 1, Folder 14||January - March
1865. Contains four letters.
- * January 12, 1865: From U.S. General Hospital, Point of
Rocks, on his new location, lack of work, waiting for furlough, his
health, General Butler’s removal.
- * January 16, 1865: From U.S. General Hospital, Point of
Rocks, on Emmy not recieving his letters, the weather, Capt. John
Smith, view of Appomattox, Jackey (Mrs. Dr. Storr’s servant),
Jackey’s letter, Elmer, Joseph, rumors of war ending.
- January 23, 1865: From U.S. General Hospital, Point of
Rocks, on letters, Elmer and Joseph, coming home.
- January 29, 1865: From U.S. General Hospital, Point of
Rocks, on his furlough, Division in NC, General Sherman’s army, and
- * February 9, 1865: From Camp of the 4th Regt. N.H.
Vols, near Fort Fisher, N.C., on leaving the hospital, Fort Monroe,
the weather, Emmy’s letter, Henry, death of Col. Bell.
- February 22, 1865: From Federal Point near Fort
Fisher, on duty at Dispensary, Dr. Dearborn, camp life, surrender of
Fort Anderson, forces to Wilmington, Sherman taking Charleston,
money issues, and Emmy’s health.
- * February 24-25, 1865: From near Fort Fisher, on Union
forces taking Wilmington, Dr. Dearborn, Jim McDermot, Ed. Hall,
ordered to report to the Post Hospital, Dr. trying to get permission
for him to stay.
- March 10, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, NC, on family political influence, Julia’s
- * March 19, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, NC, on getting paid, Mr. Buck, Elmer to send clothing,
having no money, his penmanship.
- * March 26, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, NC, on the Regt. at Goldborough 80 miles from him at the
hospital, clothing received from Elmer, work is light, the theatre,
description of the town.
|Box 1, Folder 15||April - June 1865.
Contains six letters.
- April 2-3, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, on letters; continues with regiment sickness, prisoners,
camp conditions, death of several Doctors and two Captains as well
as most nurses, his health, Dickens, controlling
- April 9, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, on war news, his health, money, Confederate note, photo
of Rebel General Whiting, late Commander of Fort Fisher.
- * April 15, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, on not recieving letters, getting paid.
- * April 18, 1865: From General Hospital, Camp Jackson,
Wilmington, on steamer arriving, wives in the army, Sweet Williams
and Magnolia flowers, Mrs. Thomas, women and children using
- * May 3, 1865: From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, on
Camp Jackson Hospital broken up, light work, description on new
hospital, Jo’s photograph.
- * May 8, 1865: From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, on
war coming to an end, waiting to go home, homesick, sending money
- * May 14 , 1865: From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington,
troops beginning to be mustered out, weather, Sethe Man.
- * May 18, 1865: From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington,
leaving for Raleigh. Dates letter May 8.
- May 22, 1865: From Raleigh N.C. On his arrival at
Raleigh and rumors of being mustered out.
- May 26, 1865: From Raleigh, NC, on his discharge and
- June 3, 1865: From Raleigh N.C. On his discharge and
- June 25, 1865: From Raleigh N.C. On his discharge
being pushed back.
|Box 1, Folder 16||July - September
1865. Contains two letters.
- July 26, 1865: On furlough delay and hopes for
discharge, duties at Post Hospital, Dr. Dearborn’s request, duty at
Department Head-Quarters as special messenger, money issues, Mr.
- August 6, 1865: From Raleigh, NC, on mail messenger
duties, money issues.
|Box 1, Folder 18||October - December
1861. Contains two letters.
- October 13, 1861: On love notes, town money, Mr.
Johnson, Mrs. Brewster, Mr. Ordway, Leander’s enlistment, Capt.
Brown, Sarah Bricket, Mrs. McNeil’s dress, Mrs. Sawyer, Mrs.
Shannon, John Willson, death of Jacob Little, Leander’s
- December 15, 1861: On money issues, Augusta’s note,
Nelson’s leg, Hale’s mill, Dr. Hovey, Woodman, John Ordway, James
Hall, Reufus, letters, Julia, William, Emerson, Nelson Morgan, Emily
at Julia’s, Elmer, Capt. Sleeper, Addison Nogs.
|Box 1, Folder 19||January - April
1862. Contains six letters.
- January 1, 1862: On love notes, Josie, Annie, Lewis’
folks, Johnson’s wife, Mother, Nelson, Mr. Smith’s store, Mrs.
Bachelder, Mrs. J. Hall, William.
- January 4, 1862: On weather, Mother, Nelson’s leg,
Eastman, love notes, Augusta and Alva, letters, death of Dr.’s
wife’s grandfather, Mr. Folsom, Leander’s position, and Julia’s
- January 10, 1862: On Ben Sargent’s choir meeting, William and
Julia, Ida’s lessons with Mary Kelley, Laura Stickney’s death from
diptheria, Nelson to pay for Leander’s gun, Elmer’s comrades,
- January 16, 1862: On miniatures, Nelson’s leg, Hattie,
Ruth, Emmy’s dream, Mr. Garland, letters to William and
- February 1, 1862: On her dream, her viewpoints on war,
Ben Smith’s marriage, Luther Austin out of prison and marriage to
Priscilla Collins, Mother, Annie’s singing.
- February 17, 1862: Dr. Morse, money issues,
administration spending money, political views, paper money versus
silver, Mr. and Mrs. Haynes, Benjamin Smith, Jim Hall, Mother,
- March 16, 1862: From Hampstead, N.H. on family news,
Annie had and Josie has the measles. Annie is learning mathematics
in school. Sending essays one by Hale and another by Johnson, along
with a banner. Julia’s visit. Jacob Beckford’s funeral. Nelson,
Lewis, Ruth. Seeing Emily Page’s fatherless baby, Josie’s singing,
|Box 1, Folder 20||April - June 1862.
Contains fifteen letters.
- April 5, 1862: On letters, Dr.
Eastman, Leander and the steward position, Dan Nichols, Reufus,
singing with Julia and Helen Frost, Mr. Welch and Mrs.
- April 7, 1862: Mr. Bragdon,
letters, Mr. Nichols’ returned, Leander’s position, Col. Whipple,
shoe making for money, Joseph, Dickens’ Great Expectations, Joseph’s
Regiment and small pox, Charles Richards, Mr. W. of Hampstead,
mocking birds, Stephan Shannon on “John Brown,” Berry.
- April 20, 1862: From Hampstead,
N.H. On the mumps, Lewis’ letters, 7th New Hampshire volunteers, Dr.
Morse, David Currier, Capt. George, Richard Welch, the war and her
fears, rumors in town about soldiers being “taken in,” Mr. Bragdon,
Brewster, Dickens “Tale of Two Cities” and “Great Expectations,”
Beauregard and the Pittsburg Battle. their reunion, battle of
Pittsburg, Dr. home on furlough, Methodist Society, Mr. Rogers, N.
Salem, love notes.
- Undated: An incomplete letter on
their political differences, the NH Democratic newspapers,
Know-Nothing Party, Republican party, abolitionists, Julia, Greeley,
Phillips, an excellent portrayal of Emmy’s sentiments regarding the
- An incomplete letter on politics, the war, Lincoln’s words on war,
Daniel Webster quotes, Mrs. Currier’s paper on “The Free South,” New
Year’s Celebration, Mrs. Gage’s speech.
- April 26-27, 1862: From Atkinson,
[NH], on Leander’s enlistment and safety, Clara, Mr. Taylor, Simeon,
N.C. Smith, Rufus Smith, money issues, Lewis’ folks, Lavinia
- Undated: An incomplete letter on
politics, enlistment conditions, Mrs. Hayes’ death, Hiram Nichols,
George Merril’s children, John Kimbel.
- April 26, 1862: From Hampstead, on
his return, Haynes, Dr. Comings, Mary Eastman marries, Ella, shoe
- May, 1862: From Hampstead, N.H. On
family news, the children have the mumps and Emmy’s mother sick,
school is starting for Annie. Stephan Shannon’s Wife and Johnathan
Taylor have died. Response to Leander’s description of St.
- May 11, 1862: Leander’s move to
Charleston, singing with Julia, William, George Hyde, Susan.
- May 18, 1862: On “shaker business,”
shoes for John Tabor, Mr. Tolson’s old home, Julie’s baby, Meeting
House, Annie, Ettie Sargent, burial of William Griffon’s wife,
Leander’s Mother, Maggie’s letters, Bradford.
- May 25, 1862: On Leander’s letter,
Clara, Emmy, Lewis and Ruth, shoemaking, shaker work, Father’s cane,
Nathan Johnson’s family, Alice.
- June 8, 1862: Her birthday, summer
clothes from Haverhill, making hats and shakers, singing, letters,
African American individuals, Illinois law, Hunter’s Regiment,
political views, President’s Proclamation, Gov. Andrew’s to
Secretary of War on more troops, Sumner, Wendel Phillips, rebels, P.
Nichols, Ralph Bricket.
- June 22, 1862: From Hampstead, N.H.
On Emmy’s worries that she has not received any letters from Leander
in over a month. Received money and books. Julia made a visit, saw
Margaret, and sent letter to Joseph. Josie and Annie in
- June 29, 1862: From Hampstead, N.H.
On reports of departure from St. Augustine for Port Royal, Union
defeat, his safety, soldiers killed at Charleston, General arrested,
3rd New Hampshire Regiment, Pen, Dickens, books, Jonny Bull, Ben
Butler, Richmond, McClelland, General Pope, Washington, Richmond,
armies of Fremont, Bank and McDowell, Reufus King, pig weed tea,
nurse Mrs. Willson, Annie, Emma and Jan, Mrs. B., Josie, Dr. E.,
Mrs. Emerson, Leander.
|Box 1, Folder 21||July - September
1862. Contains eleven letters.
- July 7, 1862: Shopping in
Haverhill, newly born niece, Father’s rheumatism, sending
- July 25, 1862
- On Josie, Annie, William, Julia, McClelland superseding
- August 3, 1862: Nelson and Lewis’
folks, Clara, Leander’s safety, Josie and Annie, Mrs. Mary Eastman,
his enlistment, the war, Mrs. Brewster, a drowning, the farms and
- August 10, 1862: Josie’s accident,
England and France interfering with war, Mrs. Brewster and her
husband, town to decide bounty, enlistments of Ezekiel Bartlet,
Layrus and Henry Little.
- August 16, 1862: Jefferson Davis’
proclamation, town vote for bounty.
- August 24, 1862: Mr. Brewster’s
desertion, Horace Sawyer’s marriage and enlistment, Evender Corson,
Ezekial Bartlet, the steward position, Mr. Pratt, Mr. Garland, W.
Buck, the draft, political views, Emmy’s earlier sickness, dealing
with her fears.
- August 31, 1862: Political views,
rebels taking Washington, Dorothy Page, Eastman and the steward
- September 7, 1862: From Hampstead,
N.H. on the new Assistant Surgeon, George Johnson’s death from
diptheria, discouragement about the war and her political views on
- September 16-18, 1862: Laws
restricting soldiers from writing, Hasen Hoyt, Mr. Courier’s
- September 19, 1862: Letter writing
- September 28, 1862: Rumor from Mr.
Brown of 4th NH disbandment, his safety, “Banner” reports, Horace
Sawyer and the bounty, Ed’s enlistment, Brewster back in
|Box 1, Folder 22||October - December
1862. Contains nine letters.
- October 3-5, 1862: An incomplete
letter on Hampstead and Emmy’s views on war, patriotism, NY Tribune
blame on Government, Emmy’s sickness with her throat and “scrofula
humor”. [Note: date "Sep. 5" in letter in error.]
- October 12, 1862: On Ed’s
enlistment to avoid draft, Leander’s patriotism as viewed by
townspeople, Judge Abbot speech at Faneuil Hall, Emmy’s throat, Dr.
Eastman and Governor B. on regiment disbandment, Charles Richards,
- October 16, 1862: On her fears,
blame on Abraham Lincoln’s control of commanders.
- November 2, 1862: An incomplete
letter on Dr. Eastman’s resignation and popularity, Leander’s
dislike for him early on at Manchester, Dr. Eastman on Col. Bell,
Lincoln’s Proclamation to emancipate slavery.
- November 9, 1862: From Hampstead,
N.H. On the weather, her feeling ill, her political opinions on
Sumner and of those not fighting in the war, M.F. Johnson and wife
coming for a visit.
- November 23, 1862: From Hampstead,
NH. On chores, Haverhill, pictures taken of Josie and Annie, letter
received from Leander’s mother, Eastman’s arrival, death of General
Mitchell from yellow fever, Mrs. Sawyer, Charles Woodman’s death,
her dream of Leander, Annie’s painting, character of Josie and
Annie, and her exasperation on waiting for his news.
- December 9, 1862: On Mrs. S.’s
health, Haynes and Leander, Dr. Eastman, Nelson’s baby Lola Hannah,
Mrs. Bailey’s (Susan Griffin’s) baby, Louie Glen, articles from NH
Patriot, President’s message, ‘negro on the brain’, Horace Greeley,
- December 14, 1862: An incomplete
letter on Father, Mr. Smith, Dr. Eastman’s remarks and discharge,
fears for Leander, Emmy’s throat.
- December 25, 1862: On love notes,
jealousy, friend killed, “colored [African American] friend”,
Mother’s health, Mrs. Haynes, Charles Richards’ death on picket
|Box 1, Folder 23||January - March
1863. Contains five letters.
- January 7, 1863: On Dr. Eastman’s remarks, Leander’s
stories about Dr. Eastman and the steward position, Charlie
- January 24, 1863: On Leander’s re-enlisting or not and
his keeping a journal.
- February 8, 1863: On Leander’s safety, Charlie
Shannon’s death, James Hall’s visit, singing school, William, Julia,
Evender Corson, Mrs. Corson, J.W. Garland, Dr. Eastman working on
- February 20, 1863: An incomplete letter on money
issues, Major Smith, Leander’s debt, Jim Hayes, Lt. Col. Sleeper,
Dorothy Page, Emmy’s views on war, agreeing with J. Marshall.
- March 8, 1863: An incomplete letter on “abolition”
views, Maria Pett, Richard Pett’s death, town meeting, M.H. Johnson
visits to Copp, Emerson, Buck, Moulton, Republications getting
- March 12, 1863: An incomplete letter apologizing for
her last letters, Ettie Eastman’s death, Leander’s return.
|Box 1, Folder 24||April - June 1863.
Contains three letters.
- May 14, 1863: (Letter barely legible) on their
opposing viewpoints, hopes for his return, new minister, Mr. Tilton,
rumors about discharging NH infantry (rest of letter
- May 29, 1863: From Hampstead, N.H. On the weather,
flowering plants, dreams of Leander’s return, Grandmother Eastman’s
death, Mary’s marriage, Ettie, Mrs. Batchelder, sisters Julia and
Margaret, Mrs. Sawyer, rebel forces to Port Royal, Lt.
- June 29, 1863: On her arm, singing at school, Henry
similar to Leander, Josie, Annie, “Banner” statements on 4th and 7th
NH coming North, Henry and Nelson, Hattie’s baby, Isabel.
|Box 1, Folder 25||July - September
1863. Contains eight letters.
- July 13, 1863: On drafting, political views, the
children and school, Margaret, Neddy, his return, George Dow’s
- July 26, 1863: On Ruth’s sickness, Leander’s regiment
taking Morris Island, Fort Sumter, views of William Emerson and
others on “conscript law”, Hamilton Hoyet’s remarks of another
election, Vallandigham’s arrest, W. Phillips and amalgamation,
Greely on the South, Seymour’s July 4th speech, Clara, Emmie,
singing, Ruth, Hattie, Joseph.
- August 6, 1863: On J. H. Harris wounded, George
Grenough, furlough for Leander’s regiment, Father’s paper on
“Copperheads”, political views, children.
- August 16, 1863: An incomplete letter on the NH and
Hampstead draft, brother Lewis drafted, 15th Regiment returned, Mr.
Currier, Mr. Hutchins, Olsen Nichols, Nat Frost, Moss Griffin, 15th
MA Regiment, James Hall drafted, Jason Noyes, Mr. Pratt, Frank
Sawyer, Job Tabor, Charles Randlet, Elmer’s letter.
- September 11, 1863: On Mr. Badger’s remarks on
Charleston, Lewis and the draft, Fred Kent, Dr. Eastman and James
Hall, Mr. Page, Aunt Susan, Emma Haseltine and Margaret,
- September 20, 1863: From Hampstead, N.H. On their
letters, Julia, Lewis and the draft substitute, Caleb Moulton,
“Copperheads” and constitution. Hazen Hoyet, Hiram Nichols, George
Merril, and John Kimbol. Price of clothing.
- September 26, 1863: From Hampstead, N.H. on their
letters, Julia, Lewis and the draft substitute, Caleb Moulton,
“Copperheads” and constitution. Hazen Hoyet, Hiram Nichols, George
Merril, and John Kimbol. Price of clothing.
- September 27, 1863: An incomplete letter on a singing
meet at new minister’s house, Jim Dow, Sr.’s abolition preaching,
Frank Sawyer inquiry.
|Box 1, Folder 26||October - December
1863. Contains five letters.
- October 11, 1863: On paper on “Free
South”, preacher Daniel Griffin, Mr. Badger, Mrs. Sargent, Josie and
Annie, Lola, Laura Corson, Mr. Tabor’s folks, Emily Becford’s
scandal with Salem minister, death of Emily’s baby, being
- November 1, 1863: On Methodist
Society, Dr. Eastman, Ella, Mary Emerson, Helen Frost, Lissie
Sawyer, Julie, singing, money issues, shoemaking, children’s
- November 22, 1863: From Hampstead,
N.H. On thankful for his letters and safety, love notes. On town
gossip, George Bailey, Martha, Augusta.
- Undated: An incomplete letter on
- December 6, 1863: On his reaction
to an article she sent, general events at home, Thanksgiving at
|Box 1, Folder 27||January - December
1864. Contains seven letters.
- January 1-3, 1864: On sickness
around town, Christmas and the children, Clara’s sickness.
- January 10, 1864: From Hampstead,
N.H.On Ben Sargent’s choir meeting, William and Julia, Ida’s lessons
with Mary Kelley, Laura Stickney’s death from diphtheria, Nelson to
pay for Leander’s gun, Elmer’s comrades, political issues.
- * January 18, 1864: From Hampstead,
on singing rehearsal and choir meeting, on her thoughts of him
reenlisting, Julia, Margaret, Annie learning to spell.
- January 24,  (mis-dated
1863): From Hampstead, N.H. On Leander’s re-enlistment,
Annie’s remark, Joseph’s letter to Julia on soldiering.
- * February 7, 1864: Fragment
letter, From Hampstead, on Josie has worms, Annie made a rag doll,
diphtheria outbreak believed over since John Strickland’s wife and
two oldest girls died of it, Lottie, Ruth.
- February 23, 1864: On General
Gilmore’s Brigade to Jacksonville, rumors about George Bailey and
wife Martha, money issues.
- April 17-19, 1864: On Regiment
leaving Concord, letters, Mrs. Sawyer, Mary Smith, her agony on
missing Leander, Julia, Ruth, Hattie, Mr. Clark, Lewis, diphtheria,
Joseph as prisoner Margaret, William, attempt to take Richmond,
regiment to Annapolis, Mrs. Corson, Annie, Mr. Hydes children and
diphtheria, Susan, Joseph, Haverill with father, money, Mr. Ordway,
Nelson, army defeat in Texas, love notes.
|Box 1, Folder 28||January - December
1865. Contains nine letters.
- March 5, 1865: On her sickness,
letters, Annie, the children.
- April 3, 1865: On money issues, her
work and being alone.
- April 16, 1865: An incomplete
letter on his re-enlistment, rumors around town, death of Lincoln,
views on Lincoln.
- April 16, 1865: A typescript letter
of the original of the same date.
- April 23, 1865: From Hampstead,
N.H. on church news, wanting a new story to read, and father unable
- July 17, 1865: On money issues, her
health, church meeting house, children.
- July 23, 1865: Hampstead, N.H. on
Mother’s accident, chores, rumors of the 4th being discharged,
- July 27-29, 1865: On berry picking
mishap, toothache, children’s sickness, weather, Mrs. Deacon Kent’s
- August 13, 1865: Hampstead, N.H. on
Father better and Mother ill, her not feeling well, Nelson Hattie
and family come for a visit.
|Box 1, Folder 29||Unknown dates. Contains six incomplete letters.
- Undated: Beginning with “I dreamend
[sic] a…” from Emmy to Leander on silly dreams, Julia, Clara,
Leander’s mother, John Johnston’s enlistment, Annie’s dream.
- Undated: Beginning with “walking is
so bad…” from Emily to Leander on singing school, Emily Ann, Mrs.
George Corson, children, sewing shoes with father, Hattie’s baby,
Horace Sawyer, Nat Corson wounded, Allen Martin on furlough, Mr.
Haynes, Seymour’s speech.
- Undated [late summer]: Beginning
with “and there is but one…” from Emmy to Leander on Josie and
Annie, harvest season.
- Undated [winter]: Beginning with
“was here he would…” from Emmy to Leander on Annie, weather, love
- Undated: Beginning with ” I write
kind of curious…” from Emmy to Leander on Josie, Annie.
- Undated: Beginning with “Sabbath
to-day and…” from Emmy to Leander on prisoners at Richmond, rations,
General Gilmore’s army, Charleston, Fort Sumter, Mr. Moulton, M. H.
Johnson, Mr. Badger, Bible, singing school, death of Elbridge Woods’
wife and child, soldiers in battle, disease, Annie.
- * Undated: Beginning with "But I
must tell you… " from Emmy to Leander on Dr. Eastman’s son and
grandsons, Leander not receiving letters.
|Box 1, Folder 38||January 1862 - December
1864. Contains nine letters.
- July 29, 1862: An incomplete
letter addressed from Hampstead, on correspondence, weather and
hay crops, produce and prices, “shinplasters”, postal stamps,
President’s call for troops, patriotism in Sandown and
Hampstead, James Brickett, Mass. 17th, Haverill bounty, Militia
- August 14, 1862: From brother
Joe in Beaufort, SC, on letter exchanges, Elmer, life at Fort
Jefferson, fight at James’ Island, Hilton Head, Manchester,
regimental health, “niggers”, rebels, “Hunter’s nigger brigade”,
Yankee, “Hunter’s black lambs”, gunboats, pickets, Mr. Beman,
Dr. Eastman, paper by soldiers at San Augustine.
- September 28, 1862: A letter
from Wm. C. Little at Hampstead, on Edward [Tosier] enlisting in
Mass. 50th Regt. at Camp Boxford and Col. Messer, formerly Capt.
Of Hale Guards in Haverill, Dr. regarding the 12th and 4th
Regiments, Port Royal, Presidential views on slavery, Boston Tribune and Boston Journal article on rebel
invasion, emancipation, abolitionist pressure, foreign
intervention, worst civil war in world history, Julia, weather,
crops, prices, shoe business, Haverill Company loss,
- February 15, 1863: From W. C.
in Hampstead on singing schools, winter weather, accomplishment
of army, Army of the Potomac, the Dr., George O. Jenness in
rebel army, battle of Fredericksburg, soldiers C. J. Hoyt, F. S.
Eastman and Heeser taken prisoner, Abby Shannon’s baby girl,
- August 9, 1863: From Wm. C.
Little at Hampstead on Fort Wagner, Corporal J. [Joseph] H.
Harris wounded, Capt. [Houde], Lt. N. G. Parker in 1st SC Regt.
Formerly Sgt. In MA Cavalry at Port Royal, draft, Provost
Marshall Gen., Gov. Gilmore, draft in Concord and Portsmouth,
15th Regt., Avender Corson.
- August 31, 1863: From friend H.
[? Coleston] at East Plainfield, on death of Dr. Commins, G.P.
Greeley at Nashua, Fort Wagner, Joseph Harris wounded, James
Haynes, Surgeon in charge of Gen. Hospital at Hilton Head,
Beaufort, traveling expenses.
- January 2, 1864: From Joe at
St. Helena Island, SC, on Morris Island, his watch duty and
drills, Spencer & Springfield rifles, bayonet and rammer,
copper cartridges, Col. Hawley of 7th Conn., Florida guerillas,
7th Conn. Reenlisted and bounty, Julia, Elmer, Emily.
- Undated: An unaddressed letter
beginning with…”snow was gone and…” from Wm. Little, on weather,
shoe business, new Church, Mr. Noyes, wounded NH 2nd soldier
from battle of Williamsburg, hospital wounded, battle at
Richmond, McClellan, Fremont, rebels,Corinth evacuation,
contradictory sentiments on war, Col. Whipple as Brig, Gen., Lt.
Col. Bell, writing.
- July 30 [year unknown]: An
incomplete letter from Wm. C. Little, on New York Tribune on
Congressional acts, Ben Butler notoriety, Chandler speech,
McClellan, Jackson’s rebel troops in Richmond, Julia, Joseph,
Port Royal, Charleston fight, Elmer, Pope’s Division, Elisa
Noyes and shoe making, Joshua F. Noyes, Anson L. Ring, Mr.
Curland, aid for families of soldiers.
|Box 1, Folder 39||January 1862 - December
1863. Contains three letters.
- July 30, 1862: Addressed from friend, I. T. U. at
Rome, New York, on Chuck in Philadelphia, St. Augustine and land
of “Gallinippers”, Gen. Burnside at Hilton Head, Fernandina,
McClellan’s defeat before Richmond, Steven’s Brigade to Fort
Monroe, 28th Mass. and 79th NY on steamship Mississippi,
Continental Hotel, visits in Philadelphia, New York, and Albany,
Stanwix Hall Hotel, Trenton Falls’ continental burn, Saratoga
and Niagara, Dr. Greeley and boys.
- August 5, 1862: From J. G. Hunt at Niagara Falls,
NY on visit to Niagara, Goat Island, American Falls and
“Horseshoe” Falls, Gen. Scott, Gen. Brock, Blondin, Cataract
House, Saratoga, Mrs. Sawyer, Mrs. Morse.
- June 28, 1863: From J. E. Haynes at Hilton Head,
SC, on letters, Col. Whipple, George Cook.