Camped Near Pig Point Va Jan 10 1862 My Dear Brother I rec a good letter of the 4th inst yesterday and was very happy to hear from you and hear that you were all so well and had got the Addition of a Boy to your Family, that makes you $1000 more in than you was before. Then you have add -ed one of my names to his. Well I guess I shall have to make him a Presant. Perhaps some rellic of the War. Rachel rather thought you did not want her to visit you, and I do not blame you if you did not under the circumst -ances. She will visit you _____________________________ 2 now as soon as it is proper for Lydia to rec. Company. You ask me to give you a discription of the late Battle. You have had a much better account of it than I can give. I might perhaps tell you the part our Battery took in the Fight. We arived at the Bank of the Rappahonnock in the Morn -ing and had to halt there till Noon for other Troo -ps to pass over. Up to this time there had not been a gun (Cannon) fired by the Rebes on our left nor at any other place along their lines that I know of, our Position was on the extreme Left of our Armey in Doubledays Division Reynolds Corps and ______________________________ 3 Franklins Grand Division, as I said we stoped on this side of the River till Noon and then crossed. (over on Ponton Bridges) We went up the other Bank on to the Table land or Plains, about 500 yds from the River and were just a going in to a line on the left of a nother Battery, not to unlimber our Guns but to stop in that Posit -ion till the rest of our forces got across) when the Rebeles opned on us (direct at our Battery) from their Guns on the Hights in our Front at a Distance of 2000 or 3000 yds from us.
the Shell came and Bursted not far from us. We _______________________ 4 were Started of on the Double qwick to a Bowlen Green Road and nearer to the Rebes to Reply to them. We done so and keped it up for two or three hours. The Rebes Replying to us, we did not fire very fast however for it was most to far to fire to do much execution, finaly we ceased firing for the day, it was here as at Antietum, we commenced the fighting there and so we did at the Battle of Fredericksburg, on the Left at least. There was one other Battery that commenced at or nearly the same time we did. There was no one hurt on our Side (or in our Battery) during this fight, it was only an Artillery Duell. ______________________________ 5 We Sleped by our Guns this Night. I was on Guard and could hear the Rebel Waggons most all Night and Early in the Morning I could hear the Rebel Hornes blow &c, in the fore part of the Night the Rebes set fire to a House two Barnes and Several Stacks of Straw and Grain and I do not know but hay. These were nearly half way between our Pickett and theirs, it made a Splended Light you better believe, and lasted for some time being on a level plain we could see for a long distance. Why they _________________________ 6 burned them I have never learned. The next Morning we moved down further to the left where our (Doubledays) Division was. We had not been there long before we began to advance on the Rebes. Their Skourmishers were drove in and our Battery was pushed forward with our Skourmishers to Shell a piece of Woods. We done so and had some fun to See the Rebes (Grey Backs) Skedadle out of the Bushes. They also Catched a a cross fire from some of our Guns that were on the other side of the River. We drove back a Rebel Battery that ____________________________ 7 was firing at us and caused us some trouble and drove in their Sko -urmishers and then ours and our Division advanced to the Woods and took posession of them. We then advanced and took a new position and opned on the Rebes across the Road (I spoke of) and more to the Right where they had a Strong position in the Edge of some woods and on a hill. When the Infantry advanced to the woods (which were on the Bank of the River and to our Left) some of our Battery Boys went there also and found 4 Rebes hid in a revein. ____________________________ 8 They took them Prisoners and got 3 Swords one Sharps Carbine and one muskit. They felt like heroes then you better believe. Well our Battery fired from the last position (which I told you they took) till about Noon and then advanced a few hundred yds further and opned on a Rebel Battery further to the left, our Battery occupied this Position till nearly Dark, it was here we lost three Men killed one severly, named Halbrook. I helped cary him of the field, and doing so we had to pass through one of the worst fires of Shell and Solid Shott from the Rebes that I ever exp -erianced with one exception and that was at Rappahonnock Station under Pope before the Battle of Bull Run. ______________________________ 9 The Shell and Shot fell around us like hale stones almost, and Plow the Dirt up, sometimes cover us with dirt. We had to Pass over the flat of Table land you Probably have read about where the Rebes could have a fare sweep for a long distance. I see two Men killed (or one killed and the other Wou- -nded. I think both were killed) near us in a Reg. as we were passing through it, it was a terrible fire on this Plain all day you better Believe. John (Corp) Fife of Nashua and _________________________________ 10 myself put in a new Pole to one of our Lim -bers to one of our Guns that was Shot off and one Horse killed while our Battery was halted for one moment while Passing over this Plain. They had to leave the Limber and take one of the Limbers belonging to one of the Caissons which were left back in the rear. We had three Horses killed while we halted in this place, and only halted for a moment. Two Shots only done, not likeing to lose the Limber fife and myse -lf went to the Caissons and got a Spare Pole and __________________________ 11 we took it up to the Disabled Limber and put it in, it took us some 15 or 20 minutes to put it in and I believe I never was under severer Can -nonading than I was while we were puting that Pole. The Shell were Bursting all around us and Sollid Shot plowing up the Dirt all about us, but through the Providence of we escaped with -out a Scratch, it seemes a miracle almost to see how Soldiers escape Death sometimes. One Soldier belonging to to a Reg. that was Supp -orting us was hit, or his Knap Sack was by ___________________________ 12 a cannon ball and the things in it Scattered to the four winds of Heaven instanter. I saw what I took to be a pack of Cards flying high in the Air. I Could but help laughing a little to see them fly. I believe it did not hurt the fellow any but probably Skeared him some. Our Battery at Dark as well as the Infantry Drew Back a little ways to contract our lines for the night. We fell back to the pla -ce where our Limber was disabled, while here the Rebes fired Canestor at us, but it was so far off the Canestor did no other injury than to bruse a few men a little. They sounded like hale Stones falling about as it was qwite Dark at _______________________________ 13 this time and the blaze of the Rebel Cannons was a Splended light or fire Works. Finaly we took up a position close to the Road and Sleped by the Side of our Guns that Night. This you will have in mind was Saturday and we commenced fighting Friday at Noon, on each side of this Road was am embankm -ent thrown up by the runers of the Farmes through which the Road ran, to answer the pur -pos of a fence. (We find many such in Va. there not being stone to build walls with. We took position under one of ____________________________ 14 these embankments and Staid there all the rest of the time We were on the other side of the River Sunday and Monday. There was no firing by either side during these two day (with one exception when one of our Batterys fired a few rounds to feel of the Rebes a little but they did not get a reply so they Seaced firing) except by the Pickets who keped poping a way except the Night we left when there was no fireing a all on either side. The Pickets of each Armey met that PM during a Flag of Truce to bury the Dead ___________________________________ 15 and agreed not to fire any more that day I see them meet, it was done in front of our Battery, not a Great ways off, they exchanged Coffee for Tobacco &c. but I must draw to a close for if I dont run short of something to say I Shall of Paper, as you already know we withdrew across the River Monday Night, and a most Skil -ful manouver it was too. We got across about 10 OClock PM or a little later. We lost 15 horses had 3 Men killed and 4 wounded and 8 brused, but as I said, through the Providence of God I escaped without a Scratch for _____________________________ 16 which I fell to thank his Holey Name. We are now Camped in Sight of the Potomac River and all our Supplies come down it, to us and within 3/4 of a mile of our Camp and Landed near the mouth of Potomac Creek. I rec. that Tribune to day for which I am very much obliged to you for. You could not send me one that would Please me so well. I have rec. those Telegraphs you sent me. I am very much obliged to you for those letter Stamps and a Quarter of a Dollar all of which I shall try and make good use of. I think that the Presidents Proclimac -ion is just the thing and just what is wanted, and I would give you my reasons if I had time and Space to do so, but I must close. My health is first Rate and _________________________________ X16 Spirets good. I hope and trust as you _____________________________________ X13 say that the next time we meet the enemy we shall meet with Success, and I think we shall. give my love to your Family. Write often and send me a paper occasionly, and may God bless you all is the earnest Prayer of your Affectionate Brother T C Cheney