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Richard Cummings-Allard K. Lowenstein Papers

MC 151

12 boxes

About Allard K. Lowenstein

Allard K. Lowenstein (1929-1980), the subject of The Pied Piper, was a complex political figure whose life came to an abrupt end when he was assassinated by a former civil rights movement protegĂ©. He was president of the National Student Association in 1950 and a civil rights organizer in the South before he won fame as the “conscience” of American liberals for his key role in deposing President Lyndon B. Johnson during the Vietnam War. He subsequently served one term as a Congressman (1968-1970) and was appointed a United Nations ambassador for special political affairs during Jimmy Carter’s presidency.

As Richard Cummings shows in The Pied Piper, however, Lowenstein’s hatred of communism and his fear that the Communists would exploit discontent and undo the liberal reform agenda led him to collaborate with what he perceived as the “good wing” of the C.I.A., who, he thought (erroneously, as it turned out), shared that reform agenda. Consequently, he carried out C.I.A. missions in South Africa and in Franco’s Spain, and informed on many civil rights colleagues who had communist sympathies. He realized his mistake when the C.I.A. began using him to promote American hegemony abroad and the use of undemocratic methods, such as spying, at home. Ironically, his own name appeared on a C.I.A.-generated “enemies list.”

Richard Cummings has been a civil rights activist, legislative counsel, Democratic party convention delegate, Congressional candidate, and teacher.

About the Richard Cummings Pied Piper Papers

The collection consists of manuscript, typed, and computer-generated drafts of The Pied Piper: Allard K. Lowenstein and the Liberal Dream (, 1985), research materials for the book, an 8-part index released under the Freedom of Information Act by the C.I.A., and taped interviews.

Folder Listing

  1. Drafts of The Pied Piper
  2. Research Materials
  3. Taped interviews

I. Drafts of The Pied Piper

f.1-10 First draft of Flaming Liberal (early title of Pied Piper): Introduction and Chapters 1-9.Missing pp.17-18;42;120,and 148-166.
f.1-15 Second draft of Flaming Liberal: Introduction and Chapters 1-13.
f.1-24 Typed draft of Pied Piper: Introduction and Chapters 8-28 (Chapters 1-7 missing).
f.1-36 Typed draft of Pied Piper: Chapters 29-64.
f.37-39 Typed draft of Pied Piper after corrections: Chapters 8-13.
f.1-65 Carbon copy of typed draft, Introduction and Chapters 1-64.
f.1-83 Computer printout of Pied Piper, Files 1-50.
f.1-51 Computer printout of Pied Piper, Files 51-100.
f.1-6 Notes for The Pied Piper.
f.7-15 Corrections.
f.16-30 References.
f.31 Biographical sketch of Allard K. Lowenstein.
f.32 Justification for The Pied Piper.

II. Research Materials for the Book

f.1-17 Research materials (Cummings’ notes; miscellaneous materials on Lowenstein; photocopies from the University of North Carolina Allard K. Lowenstein collection mostly about Africa).
BOX 10
f.1-18 Research materials (journals).
BOX 11
f.1-18 Research materials (senior theses: Lawrence Michael Hill, Allard K. Lowenstein: A Man Who Made a Difference, 1981; Marc. A. Feigen, The March to Washington, 1983; and one whose author and date is unknown. Also manuscript proof of book by David Harris about Lowenstein, Dreams Die Hard).
BOX 12
f.1-9 “Vaughn Index” – an 8-part index released under the Freedom of Information Act by the C.I.A. during the 1977 National Student Association litigation against the C.I.A.

III. Taped Interviews

Tape #1 Harriet Eisman, April 23, 1981 (transcription available).
Tape #2 Richard Murphy, April 28, 1981.
Tape #3 Richard Murphy, cont., (transcription available).
Tape #4 Jenny Lowenstein Littlefield, May 1-3, 1981.
Tape #5 Jenny Lowenstein Littlefield, continued.
Tape #6 Jenny Littlefield, Frank Lowenstein (son) & Nick Littlefield, May 1-3, 1981.
Tape #7 Nick Littlefield, continued.
Tape #8 Rick Weidman, May 16, 1981.
Tape #9 Rick Weidman, continued.
Tape #10 Greg Stone, June 5, 1981.
Tape #11 Greg Stone, continued.
Tape #12 William F. Buckley, Jr., June 10, 1981.
Tape #13 Barbara Boggs Sigmund & Paul Sigmund, June 21, 1981.
Tape #14 Barbara Boggs Sigmund & Paul Sigmund, continued.
Tape #15 Gerry Twombly, July 23, 1981.
Tape #16 Bruce Voeller, July 29, 1981.
Tape #17 Joe Rauh, August 13, 1981.
Tape #18 Joe Rauh, continued. (transcription available).
Tape #19 Curtis Gans, August 13-14, 1981.
Tape #20 Curtis Gans, continued.
Tape #1 Alice Levien, Oct. 16, 1981; Gina Galkie, Oct. 17, 1981.
Tape #2 Judge Richard Wallach, Oct. 28, 1981.
Tape #3 Doug Ireland, 1981.
Tape #4 Rita Kupsick; Bronia Kupsick, 1981.
Tape #5 Hamilton Richardson, Feb. 17, 1981.
Tape #6 George Houser, April 13, 1981.
Tape #7 George Crockett, April 22, 1981.
Tape #8 William Sloane Coffin, April 27, 1982.
Tape #9 Melvin Wulf, May 5, 1982.
Tape #10 William Dentzer, June 25, 1982.
Tape #11 Greg Craig, Aug. 11, 1982.
Tape #12 Tom Flynn, 1982.
Tape #13 Ken McCominsky, April 13, 1983.
Tape #14 Ken McCominsky, continued.
Tape #15 Wendell Wilkie II, May 2, 1983.
Tape #16 Theo Ben-Gurirab, May 5, 1983.
Tape #17 Harris Wofford, May 18, 1983.
Tape #18 Harris Wofford, continued.
Tape #19 Adlai Hardin, June 16, 1983.
Tape #20 William Craig, June 30, 1983. Phone interview.
Tape #1 William Craig, continued.
Tape #2 John Tyler Caldwell, July 6, 1983. Phone interview.
Tape #3 Frank Carlucci, July 19, 1983.
Tape #4 Ernest Wentzel, Aug. 10, 1983.
Tape #5 Brooke Aronson Trent & Carol Hardin Kimball, Aug. 11, 1983.
Tape #6 Brooke Aronson Trent & Carol Hardin Kimball, continued.
Tape #7 Jack Greenberg, Sept. 15, 1983.
Tape #8 John Pemberton, Sept. 19, 1983.
Tape #9 Barney Frank, Oct. 3, 1983.
Tape #10 Charles Jones, Oct. 11, 1983.
Tape #11 Emory Bundy, 1983.
Tape #12 Emory Bundy, 1983. continued.
Tape #13 Emory Bundy, 1983. continued.
Tape #14 Russell K. Williams, 1983.
Tape #15 Algernon Black, n.d.

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