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Grant Stereoscopic Slides of China


VC 29

3 boxes

About William A. Grant

William A. Grant was born in the Bronx, New York City, in 1868. He studied art at Cooper Union and learned engraving under the tutelage of Lewis Delnoce, one of the outstanding engravers of the day. Grant then became head of the engraving room at the American Bank Note Company. In 1908 he was invited to Beijing, China, in order to found the Chinese Bureau of Engraving and Printing.

Until his retirement in 1928, Grant served as technical advisor to the Bureau, and designed and engraved many stamps for the Chinese government; he also trained several hundred Chinese in the art of steel engraving and printing. After his retirement, he moved to Contoocook, New Hampshire, where he died in 1954.

About the Grant Stereoscopic Slides of China Collection

The collection consists primarily of stereoscopic slides taken by Grant in and around Beijing, China, during the period 1908 to 1928. The slides, several of which were used by Grant to prepare postage stamps, include views of many famous Chinese landmarks, among them the Ming Tombs, the Summer Palace, and the Western Hills outside of Beijing, as well as Beijing street scenes, pictures of the military, and vignettes of the Grants’ home life. Also included are slides taken by Grant on hunting trips in China, during a visit to Hawaii in 1914, and at the 1915 San Francisco World’s Fair.

Of particular interest is a picture of Grant’s 1908 Studebaker, said to be the first car in Beijing. This car, draped with American flags, was used by Grant to transport the young Chinese Emperor from his palace to the Japanese Legation at the height of the 1911 revolution, which resulted in the emperor’s overthrow and the formation of the Republic of China.

Folder Listing

  1. Stereoscopic Slides (364)

    1. Positive Glass Images #1 – 280

      1. Travel 1914
      2. Social
      3. Our House-Peking 1908-1928; Friends
      4. Hawaii 1914
      5. San Francisco World’s Fair 1915
      6. Bureau of Engraving, Peking 1912
      7. Country Outside Compound, Peking, China 1914
      8. People-Peking 1914
      9. Street Scees, Peking
      10. Peking Gates and Walls
      11. Ching Hua University, Peking
      12. Summer Palace, peking
      13. Reviewing Troops, Peking
      14. Western Hills, Peking 1914
      15. Pei Ta Ho, North Big Water, Seashore
      16. Ming Tombs
      17. Shausi Hunting Trip, China 1915
    2. Negative Glass Images #1N – 42N
      1. Family, Peking
      2. Print
      3. Miscellaneous
      4. Bureau of Engraving, Peking 1912
      5. Summer Palace, Peking
      6. Peking Street Scenes
      7. Western Hills, Peking
      8. Pei Ta Ho Seashore
    3. Negative Flexible Images #1F – 42F
      1. Family, Peking
      2. Negatives
      3. Summer Palace, Peking
      4. Unlabeled
      5. Ming Tombs
      6. Shausi Hunting Trip, China 1915
  2. Photographs (26)
    1. Black and White #1P – 26P
  3. Postcards Numbered #1PC – 5PC (58)
  4. Three-dimensional Objects

The categories (“Travel 1914,” “Social,” etc) are Grant’s, as are the captions. Comments by the processor are enclosed in parentheses.

Note: Copy negatives are in notebook with proofs. Notebook contains contact prints.


I. Stereoscopic Slides

* (see Note below)

A. Positive Glass Images #1-280

l. Travel 1914 #1-18 (Only those slides with captions are listed)

BOX 1 e.l Del - Deck boy costume. e.4 Japan - garden. e.7 Bringing on coal in Japan. e.8 Washington, D.C. e.9 Del - Deck boy costume. e.10 China - travel 1914. e.11 Chinese junk. e.12 Freighter. e.13 Lisa Stillman & Del. e.14 Del & Mother.
2. Social #19-28
e.22 Ambassador Reinch. e.23 William Grant and Family. e.26 Golf in Peking 1914, Dad.
3. Our House -Peking 1908-1928; Friends
#29-41(See also #lN-5N, 9N-11N, lF) e.37 Same as lN.
4. Hawaii 1914 #42-51
e.51 (Color slide).
5. San Francisco World's Fair 1915 #52-69
6. Bureau of Engraving, Peking.
Before completion, about 1912. #70-84 (no #80). See also 12N-16N. e.70 Same as 12N. e.74 Same as 13N. e.76 Same as 14N. e.84 Bureau of Engraving & Printing gateway, Sept. 1914. Peking, China.
7. Country Outside our Compound at Bureau, Peking, 1914.
#85-104. e.91 Peking, China 1914. e.92 S. West gate Chinese City, Peking, China, Sept.17, 1914. e.95 Peking, China - making paper pulp, Sept. 17, 1914. e.104 (Two corners broken off).
8. People - Peking 1914.
#105-113 e.113 A woman feeding chickens [two corners broken off].
9. Street Scenes, Peking, 1914.
#114-148 (See also 25N-35N) e.114 Crowd scene. e.115 Street vendor - or laundry?. e.116 Village scene. e.117 Palace?. e.118 Street scene. e.119 Another village street scene. e.120 Man at work?. e.121 Partial view of a pagoda. e.122 City wall, Peking. e.123 View of a dwelling. e.124 South-west gate Chinese City wall, Peking, Sept. 1914. e.125 Pagodas. e.126 Men eating. e.127 Street scene. e.128 At the barber's. e.129 Children. e.130 Elderly Chinese woman walking in street. e.131 Large crowd outside the pagoda. e.132 One of the gates to the city? e.133 Young man wrapped in coat. e.134 Another street scene. e.135 Mrs. Grant, William's mother(?) amidst group. e.136 Grant's Studebaker (?) and curious onlookers in front of pagoda gate. e.137 Woman pushing perambulator down commercial street. e.138 Funeral. e.139 Military parade. e.140 Mrs. Grant, William's mother. e.141 Another street scene. e.142 Traffic. e.143 Man in hat in foreground, pagoda in background. e.144 Damming the river. e.145 The road to the palace? e.146 Rock formation. e.147 A group of men carrying a big weight. e.148 Busy street scene.
10. Peking Gates and Walls
11. Ching Hua University, Peking.
Exclusively for Chinese students, run by Chinese, but with many American teachers or U. S. Educated Chinese. The founding money was returned indemnity money for the damage done to Americans in Boxer Rebellion, 1901. #155-160
12. Summer Palace, Peking.
#161-186 (See also 17N-24N, 6F-8F) e.176 Summer Palace, Peking (Broken in half and mended with tape).
13. Reviewing Troops, Peking.
Pei Hai (North Lake) Legation Quarter, American, Dutch, French, British, Japanese, Italian, Etc. #187-201 e.187 Reviewing troops. e.188 Reviewing troops. e.189 Reviewing troops. e.190 Reviewing troops. e.191 Reviewing troops. e.192 Pei Hai North Lake. BOX 2 e.193 Pei Hai North Lake, view from distance. e.194 Pei Hai Stupa N. Lake. e.195 Legation Quarter 1914. e.196 American Legation 1914 Peking. e.197 Legation Quarter Peking 1914. e.198 Outside the legation? e.199 Tung Chou School. e.200 Airplane in Peking 1914. e.201 Methodist Mission in Peking.
14. 1914 Western Hills, Peking
202-205 (See also 36N-41N) e.203 Peking, China.
15. Pei Ta Ho, North Big Water, Seashore
(Big Water is Pacific Ocean) #206-238 (See also #42N) e.206 (Color glass slide). e.224 Bathing Suits in 1914! e.225 Pei Ta Ho Baker's seashore house. e.226 Bathing Suits - Del. e.228 Seashore. e.237 2 women outside of the beach house(Color slide, one corner broken and mended with tape).
16. Ming Tombs
17. Shausi Hunting Trip, China 1915.
#249-280 (See also 38F-42F) e.253 Shausi Hunting Trip, China 1915 (One corner broken).

B. Negative Glass Images

l. Family, Peking.
#lN-5N (See also#29-41,9N-llN, lF)
2. Print
(No other identification) #6N-8N
3. Miscellaneous
#9N-llN. BOX 2 e.9N Studebaker of W. A. Grant, 1st car in Peking, 1914. e.10N Mrs. W. A. Grant in the country outside of Bureau of Engraving, Pai Chih Fang. e.11N Memorial Arch - entrance of an avenue at Ming Tombs.
4. Bureau of Engraving, Peking
Before completion, about 1912. #12N-16N (See also #70-84) e.12N (Same as #74). e.13N (Same as #75). e.14N (Same as #76).
5. Summer Palace, Peking
#17N-24N (See also #161-186, 6F-8F)
6. Peking Street Scenes
#25N-35N (See also #114-148)
7. Western Hills, Peking
(Western Hills Race Course) #36N-41N (See also #202-205)
8. Pei Ta Ho (North Big Water) Seashore
#42N (See also #206-238)

C. Negative Flexible Images

l. Family, Peking
#1F (See also #29-41, lN-5N, 9N-llN)
2. Negatives
(No other identification) #2F-5F
3. Summer Palace Peking
#6F-8F (See also #161-186, 17N-24N)
4. Unlabeled
5. Ming Tombs
#37F (See also #239-248)
6. Shausi Hunting Trip, China. 1915.
#38F-42F (See also #249-280)

II. Photogrpahs - b&w

#1P-26P BOX 2 e.lP 3 x 3.5" Little boys, Peking e.2P 3 x 4 Llama Temple, outside north wall of Peking e.3P 4.5 x 3.5 A Temple Terrace in Western Hills, Peking e.4P 3.25 x 4 Cart for hire, outside Tartar Cith Wall, Peking e.5P 3 x 4 Bridge, Summer Palace, west of Peking e.6P 3 x 4 The ever curious and friendly Chinese when a foreigner appears, Peking e.7P 3.5 x 5.8 Home from the Fair! Candied crabapples on a stick, 1912, Peking e.8P 3 x 5.25 Sawing wood, Peking e.9P 3 x 5.5 Sawing wood e.10P 3.5 x 5.5 Camel train and soldiers, Peking e.11P 3 x 5 Father and son e.12P 5.5 x 3 Ramp 15, the Tartar City Wall, Peking e.13P 5.5 x 3 Commemoration tablet, Peking e.14P 5.5 x 3.25 Emperor's reviewing stand at Imperial troops parade grounds near Summer Palace,west of Peking e.15P 3.5 x 5.5 Great Wall of China e.16P 3.5 x 5.5 Winter scene, outside Peking City Wall e.17P 3.5 x 5.5 (No caption) e.18P 3 x 5.5 Bureau of Engraving and Printing, Peking, camel train from Western Hills resting e.19P 3.5 x 5.5 Horse shoeing, Peking e.20P 3 x 5.25 Typical street scene, Peking e.21P 3.5 x 5.5 Sleds for hire on the frozen moat outside city wall, Peking e.22P 3.5 x 5.5 Street traveling barber e.23P 3.25 x 5.25 Temple guardians, Peking e.24P 5.5 x 3.25 Temple guardians, Peking e.25P 3.25 x 5.25 Gateway into the Chinese City Wall, Peking e.26P 3.5 x 5.5 Peking cart, no springs!

III. Postcards

#1PC - 5 PC (All are 3.5" x 5.5") BOX 2 e.lPC S. J. Betines & Co. Photographic studio, Peking (Contains 2) e.2PC Ausfuhrung: Graphische Gesellschaft. Berlin SW (Contains 9) e.3PC Denniston & Sullivan, Serie 2, no. 24, 31, 121 (Contains 3) e.4PC Hans Bahlke, Peking (Contains 16) e.5PC Chas. F. Gammon Photo Series. No. 4-281 (Very incomplete, one unnumbered) (Contains 28) Total: 58 postcards

IV. Three-dimensional Objects

BOX 3 #1 Stereoscopic Viewer, Binocular type #2 Polyscope, Brass and wood, Purpose: Unknown #3 Stereoscopic Viewer, Box type, Wood with brass fittings, very fine. Note: Sepia toned slides are: 2 29 30 32 33 37 38 71 72 74 75 76 79 93 96 100 102 110 115 119 126 127 128 129 139 145 154 163 164 165 166 171 182 183 253 260 261 262 263 265 266 273 277 Total: 43 Green tinted slides are: 107 244 245 Color slides are: 51, 206, 237 (These have been reproduced in B/W).

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