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Guide to the Daniel C. Currier Papers, 1841-1905

Collection number: MC 66

Size: 1 boxes
(0.33 cu.ft.)


About Daniel C. Currier

Daniel C. Currier was born on October 22, 1841 in Springfield, NH. He was the son
of Hiram and Julia Colby. The family later moved to Grantham, NH where Hiram and Daniel
were sawyers. On August 8, 1862, at the age of 21, Currier enlisted. He became a Corporal
in I Company of the 14th Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers and was mustered out
on July 8, 1865 in Savannah, Georgia. Currier returned to Grantham and he married
Sarah and they had six children: Mary, Gary, Wesley, Udo, Clarence, and Connor. After
the war, Currier made his living as a sawyer and a farmer. He died on February 22,
1905.


About the Daniel C. Currier Papers

The collection consists of forty-nine letters and letter fragments written in the
period between 1862-1865 by Daniel C. Currier to his parents while he was serving
in the 14th New Hampshire Volunteers during the Civil War. These letters contain information
about his life as a corporal in I Company. He comments upon daily life, duty, politics,
money, and encounters with “contraband” and Confederate soldiers. For the majority
of the war the 14th New Hampshire was assigned to duty in defense of Washington, D.C.

The regiment served picket duty along the upper Potomac from November 1862 to April
1863. Afterwards, they performed picket duty and guard duty at various strategic locations
around Washington. This included the Old Capitol Prison, where prisoners of war were
imprisoned, and the Navy Yard Bridge (now called Anacostia). On March 20th the regiment
sailed for Louisiana. They served at Camp Parapet, Carrollton and Jefferson City until
June 1864. They then returned to Virginia for service at Fortress Monroe and Berryville
until the end of July. From August to December, the regiment participated in Sheridan’s
Shenandoah Valley Campaign and was involved in three engagements at the battles of
Winchester, Fisher’s Hill and Cedar Creek. Towards the end of the war the regiment
was stationed outside Savannah and Augusta, Georgia. They were mustered out in Savannah
on July 8, 1865.

Also included in this collection are letter transcripts, supporting documents pertaining
to people and places mentioned in Daniel’s letters, and clippings of Daniel C. Currier’s
hair.

* Note: letters with transcriptions are designated by an asterisk after the date of
the letter.


Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open.

Copyright Notice

Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions
about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Daniel C. Currier Papers, 1841-1905, MC 66, Milne Special
Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham, NH, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Purchase, Charles Apfelbaum, July 3, 2001 (Accession number: 2001.27)

Purchase, 2004 (Accession number: 2005.14)


Collection Contents


Series I: Letters, June 1862 – May 1865

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 1 Five letters, June 1862 – Oct 1862

June 8, 1862

Currier to parents from Soldiers’ Home, Boston, Massachusetts

Left behind in Boston by the enlisted men he was traveling with to Washington, D.C.,
he is afraid he will be marked as a deserter. Asks his parents for money and promises
responsible spending from that point on.

October 20, 1862*

Currier to parents from Washington, D.C.

Stationery with print of Capitol building and text “14th Regiment, New Hampshire Volunteers,
Col. Wilson, Company I.” Travels from Concord, New Hampshire to Washington, D.C. with
stops in Newark and Trenton, New Jersey, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and Baltimore,
Maryland. Unsure of future orders for the regiment. Will try to visit friends in the
New Hampshire Sixth Regiment at Harper’s Ferry.

October 22, 1862

Currier to parents from Washington, D. C.

Same stationery as above. Quartered a mile east of the Capitol. Visits the Capitol
building. The regiment has received orders to go to Seneca, Virginia. There are peddlers
in camp selling pain cure and apples. Gives a list of the six men in his tent over
whom he is corporal.

October 26-29, 1862*

Currier to parents from outside Washington, D.C.

Fragment letter. Does guard duty in the rain. The first death in the regiment has
occurred, the drowning of a corporal in F Company. Observes rockets in the sky.

October 30 and 31, 1862*

Currier to parents from outside Washington, D.C.

Participates in a dress parade and performs picket and guard duty. Comments upon the
quality of terrain. Appreciation for the letters he has received.

Box 1, Folder 2 Three letters, Nov 1862 – Dec 1862

November 5 and 6, 1862

Currier to parents from Camp Chesapeake, Rockville, Maryland.

Inspected by Brigadier General Grover. Requests news about the war, “for we cant(sic)
find out what is going on in the army, except for our vicinity”. Requests information
about his Uncle Sam of the Sixth Regiment New Hampshire Volunteers.

December 23, 1862*

Currier to parents from outside Washington, D.C.

Recounts the daily activities of his tent mates and guard duty. Describes a local
Episcopal Church. Participates in breaking into local Merchant Store. Takes coffee,
tobacco and a box of blacking. Ten barrels of alcohol destroyed by officers of the
regiment. Request for postage stamps and two dollars.

December 28, 1862

Currier to parents from Camp Grover, Montgomery, Maryland.

Participates in morning drill and dress parade. Captain Bugbee dismissed. Worries
about not receiving pay and requests two dollars.s received orders to go to Seneca,
Virginia. There are peddlers in camp selling pain cure and apples. Gives a list of
the six men in his tent over whom he is corporal.

Box 1, Folder 3 Two letters, Mar 1863

March 19, 21 and 22, 1863

Currier to parents from Poolesville, Maryland.

Recovering from illness and just moved out of the hospital. Congratulates father on
majority votes at recent town meeting. Took a carriage ride for sick soldiers. Many
have the measles. Longs for the care of his mother.

March 28 and 29, 1863

Currier to parents from Poolesville, Maryland.

Complains about Maryland rain, a lack of news, remaining unpaid for three months,
and medical expenses. Hopes for home, “but I am willing to stay out here if I can
do anything for my country.” A man, Robins, has been discharged and may visit.

Box 1, Folder 4 Five letters, Jul 1863 – Aug 1863

July 11, 1863

Currier to parents from Washington, D.C.

Regiment moves to Washington to replace the Thirty-ninth and Thirty-fourth regiments.
Visits Capitol building. Impressed with quarters and food. Requests three dollars.

July 24 and 25, 1863

Currier to parents from Washington, D.C.

Mentions compliments given by the Superintendent and Provost Marshall on the Regiment’s
service in Washington, D.C. Saw General McClellan. Mentions victories at Vicksburg
and Port Hudson.

August 6, 1863*

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C.

Very passionate letter about “traitors at home” and his feelings regarding the men
who would pay to “shurk” their duty. Glad to hear that his parents have received his
enlistment money, requests two dollars and leaves the rest to his father.

August 19 and 20, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C.

Shocked that his last letter (August 6, 1863) was read to the public and expresses
shame over its poor grammar. Mourns the death of Lieutenant Dudley Pillsbury. Recounts
duty at Old Capitol Prison.

August 24 and 25, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C.

Miller, a fellow soldier, has died. Reflects on his “band of brothers.” Recounts guard
duty at Old Capitol Prison and escorting two hundred and fifty-four men to Lookout
Point. Two hundred and fifty men at the prison take the oath of allegiance and some
express interest in joining Union Army. Ladies of the Sanitary Commission visit camp,
“one of them I am sparking a little, at the present time.”

Box 1, Folder 5 Five letters, Sept 1863 – Oct 1863

September 2, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack outside Washington, D.C.

Courting Miss Mary T. Murry, the daughter of a wealthy widow. Commends his cousin
Gill for “giving the copperheads fuss.” Expresses negative sentiment toward copperheads.
Requests care package from family with boots, shirts, socks, drawers and food. Mentions
new drummer boy, fourteen and very good new band instructor.

September 6, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack outside Washington, D.C.

First Lieutenant Chandler promoted to Brigadier General Martindale’s staff. Recounts
preparation for winter and poor nature of the Second District Regiment. Comments on
draft in New Hampshire.

September 13, 15 and 16, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack outside Washington, D.C.

More negative sentiment toward copperheads. Gets paid. Receives clothes allotment.
Expresses anger toward Corporal Hadley whose fake illness has him standing guard duty.
Discusses elections in Maine, Ohio and Pennsylvania. Major Samuel Duncan was appointed
Colonel of black regiment.

September 27 and 28, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack outside Washington, D.C.

Remembers joining the regiment just one year ago. Tired of Washington and wishes to
go to the front. The weather is getting cooler.

October 1, 1863 [fragment]

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack outside Washington, D.C.

Discusses the mill business back home. Regiment inspected. Anticipating his upcoming
twenty-second birthday and his care package. Requests news of Uncle Sam.

Box 1, Folder 6 Five letters, Sept 1863 – Oct 1863

November 1, 1863* [Fragment]

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C.

Men from the regiment escort deserters to General Meade’s headquarters in Sulpher
Springs. A request for more men to escort deserters to Sulpher Springs raises the
sore question of company idleness.

November 8, 11 and 12, 1863

Currier to parents from Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C.

Discusses officer promotions. Prisoners taken to Baltimore. Regiment receives order
to escort seventeen hundred prisoners to Old Capitol Prison and then escorts them
to Point Lookout. On return trip they pass Mount Vernon and Fort Washington. Benway
of Corinth dies. Some conscripts tried to run away. Rebel officers escorted to Sandusky,
Ohio.

November 18, 1863

Currier to parents from Navy Yard Bridge outside Washington, D.C.

On guard at the Navy Yard Bridge. Watches people practice throwing pontoons across
the river. The Navy yard, where they keep captured Rebel vessels, is nearby. It is
cold.

November 26 and 28, 1863

Currrier to parents from Navy Yard Bridge outside Washington, D.C.

Thanksgiving day. One hundred officers have passed through. Good news of General Grant.
Women ordered to leave camp, but Thomas’ wife allowed to stay. Hopes to be home in
1864.

November 30, 1863

Currier to parents from Navy Yard Bridge outside Washington, D.C.

Inspected by Major Gardener. Observes fifteen contraband passing through, including
two women with children. Spoke to young man, “no fool”, who recounts ill use at the
hands of his master. Currier expresses outrage. Two Southern ladies from Georgia pass
through and give accounts of prices in the South. Rebels try to run the blockade of
the Potomac.

Box 1, Folder 7 Three letters, Dec 1863

December 2, 1863*

Currier to parents from Navy Yard Bridge outside Washington, D.C.

Visited Navy Yard. Saw the Monitor class USS Sangamon and gives description. Relays
that the Goddess of Liberty was lifted onto the Capitol Building.

December 11, 1863

Currier to parents from Navy Yard Bridge outside Washington, D.C.

Recounts illness. Five thousand horses broke loose, two hundred drowned in the river.
Congress is in secession. A policeman caught rebel spies. Congress to pass through
the Bridge to observe fleet.

December 24-27, 1863

Currier to Parents. Camp Adirondack, outside Washington, D.C. Colonel Wilson is sick.
Band plays. On guard at the Old Capitol Prison. Requests father consent to drawing
his full entitlement from next pay check.

Box 1, Folder 8 Four letters, Feb 1864 – May 1864

February 10-12, 1864

Currier to parents from Smith Hill, near Harper’s Ferry.

Regiment brigaded under General Sullivan. Description of the country side. Temporarily
attached to Third Brigade, Third Division, Sixth Corp of the Army of the Potomac.
Rebels hold Charleston ten miles east. Drill and dress parade. Camp guard. Moving
to better quarters. Description of the Calvary.

March 20 and 27, 1864

Currier to parents on board the Daniel Webster.

On way to New Orleans, Louisiana from New York. Stowed like sheep in the hull. Stopped
at Port Royal, South Carolina.

April 1864 [fragment]

Currier to parents from Key West, Florida.

Description of Key West. Account of gale off the Hatteras Islands, North Carolina.

May 8 and 9, 1864

Currier to parents from [Camp Parapet], Carrollton, Louisiana. Has not received pay.
Says that reading Northern papers is “a great comfort to the soldier.”

Box 1, Folder 9 Five letters, May 1864 – Aug 1864

May 27 and May 30, 1864

Currier to parents from Camp Parapet, Carrollton, Louisiana.

News that Grant and Sherman are doing well. Received new regulation hat, gun cleaning,
drilling, dress parade and guard duty.

July 12 and 20, 1864

Currier to parents from Camp at Algiers, Louisiana.

Fish and potatoes for dinner. Beans for breakfast. On board the Continental to City
Point. Leaville died and buried at sea.

July, 1864* [fragment]

Currier to parents from James River, Virginia.

Dress parade and inspection.

August 1, 1864*

Currier to parents from Potomac River on the steamer D.B.Spaulding.

Accounts of the voyage with the Twelfth Regiment of New York.

August 20 and 21, 1864

Currier to parents from camp near Charleston, West Virginia.

Marching through Cranesville, Hamilton, Leesburg and Berryville, Virginia. Eating
very well. Rebel guerrillas.

Box 1, Folder 10 Two letters, Jan 1865

January 1865

Currier to parents from winter quarters (?).

Fragment letter. Henry H. Currier and First Sergeant Page died. Complains about Major
Gardener. Reports that Thomas is getting promoted to Lieutenant. Complains about family
letter writing.

January 19, 1865

Currier to parents from camp near Savannah, Georgia.

Promotions. Encounters with Sherman’s men. Reports hearing that Fort Fisher has been
taken. Description of Savannah. Account of community meeting in Savannah.

Box 1, Folder 11 Four letters, Mar 1865 – Apr 1865

March 20, 1865

Currier to parents from camp in Bastion G. South of the City.

Recalls the Battle of Cedar Creek and Battle of Winchester. Same old camp life. Regiment
election. Disease in Manchester and Concord, New Hampshire. Sherman and Sheridan are
“bricks”! Comments on New Hampshire election results.

March 22 and 24, 1865*

Currier to parents from camp near Bastion G, Savannah, GA.

Savannah, Georgia. Members of congress visit on the steamer Fulton at one thousand
dollars per day. Suggests that they should spend the money paying the soldiers instead.
Observes that blacks are beginning to raise crops for themselves. Hopes to be home
in six months. Colored troops finish constructing the works that Sherman’s troops
began.

March 27, 1865*

Currier to parents from Camp Bastion G, Savannah, GA.

Fragment letter. Five men and a lieutenant belonging to the Rebel Army gave themselves
up. Dress parade and new recruits from Bradford, New Hampshire. Paper reports that
Sherman and Schofield are doing well. Expresses pity for Confederate Soldiers. Looks
forward to going home.

April 26, 1865*

Currier to parents from camp at Bastion G, Savannah, GA.

Savannah, Georgia. On fatigue duty. Grand review by General Gilmore. Encounter with
Confederate Florida regiment. Rebel troops going home. Meeting past Saturday to express
sympathies in regards to the assassination of President Lincoln. Request for suspenders,
towel, writing paper, envelopes, good cheese and butter. Mentions charging the town
for these supplies.

Box 1, Folder 12 Four letters, May 1865

May 1 and 2, 1865*

Currier to parents from camp at Bastion G, Savannah, GA.

Picnic. Received orders to drill and learn military tactics. Relays the surrender
of Johnston’s Army. Received orders on how to mourn President Lincoln, which include
draping the flag in mourning and wearing black crepe on arm for six months.

May 16 and 18, 1865*

Currier to parents from camp near Augusta, Georgia.

Lost while marching to Augusta. Marched into city “with our flags flying and our bands
playing their national airs.” Stationed near wharf depot and ordered to keep outsiders
away from train carrying Jefferson Davis. Description of the city, “no army here to
mar its beauty in the least.” Discussion of money: specie, green backs and Confederate
script. Met Colonel Thomas Hardeman, Jr., member of Congress before secession. Admits
cause defeated, willing to submit. Hardeman burned thirty thousand dollars of Confederate
script. Complements plantations and countryside. Expects to leave soon.

May 29, 1865

Currier to parents from camp at Daniel Hills, Augusta, Georgia.

Troops haven’t been paid. “Citizens were losing their pigs, chickens.” Sends confederate
bill.

May 30, 1865*

Currier to parents from camp at Sand Hills, Augusta Burke County.

The people are docile. Many men from Massachusetts and New Hampshire around. Expresses
wish to own a plantation and sentiment for five year men. Sending paper from Augusta
home. Regiment received orders to return to Savannah.

Box 1, Folder 13 Two letter fragments, Undated

Fragment letter A, undated*

Has received six letters and written twenty-one to parents. Thanks them for the four
dollars. Recounts friend’s pay roll mishap.

Fragment letter B, undated*

Weather is hot. Good news about army to the north and west.


Series II: Transcriptions, June 1862 – May 1865

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 14 Transcriptions, in chronological order, of letters above with an asterisk after the
date, Jun 1862 – May 1865


Series II: Supporting Documents

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 15 Supporting Documents

Soldier Histories from American Civil War Research Database:

Daniel C. Currier, Elihu Thayer Rowe, Cuvier Grover, Robert Wilson, Sylvester M. Bugbee,
William Henry Chaffin, William Welch, Luther J. Fitch, Abial L. Haven, Nathaniel L.
Chandler, William Henry Thayer, Dudley J. Pillsbury, Newton Clough, David Z. Robbins,
Lyman P. Saunders, Thomas J. Morrill, Freeman S. Stowell, George H. Stowell, Marshall
Perkins, Alexander Gardiner, Wareham M. Miller, Samuel Augustus Duncan, Ezekial H.
Hadley, Carroll D. Wright, Reuban T. Benway, Charles H. Leavitt, Benjamin Walker,
Horace F. Brown, Samuel Currier, Harlan P. Hunter, Hollis C. Brockway and John Choate.

Historical information about the Fourteenth Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers,
the Forty-fifth Regiment of Georgia, Old Capitol Prison, Point Lookout Prison, the
Monitor USS Sangamon, Jefferson Davis’ imprisonment and the Statue of Freedom.

Photographs of Great Falls, Maryland, Old Capitol Prison, General Martindale and Russel,
Navy Yard Bridge, USS Sangamon, and City Point railroad landing.

Drawings of Steamboat Daniel Webster, Steamship S. R. Spaulding and Steamship Fulton.

Information about politicians, a list of Maine governors and biographies from The Political Graveyard: Andrew Gregg Curtin, John Brough, and Thomas Hardeman, Jr.


Series IV: Miscellaneous

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 16 Daniel C. Currier, hair clippings