Citation Styles

Proper citation of sources in academic writing is important. The following tools and resources can help you.

Bibliographic Management Tools

Bibliographic management tools allow you to store, manage, and format citations. They can import references from databases, place citations formatted in various styles directly into your text, and create reference lists.

RefWorks is a web-based product available to current UNH students, faculty, and staff for free.

EndNote can be purchased at the UNH Computer Store; there is also a web version available. The UNH Library does not subscribe to EndNote.

Online Guides

Your instructor may designate a particular journal title as the style guide, using either a particular article or the "instruction to authors" guidelines on the journal website or in a print issue. RefWorks also includes hundreds of journal styles.

The following sites provide guidelines and examples for in-text citations, notes, and references for some of the most commonly used citation styles.

APA (American Psychological Association)

MLA (Modern Language Association)

Chicago/Turabian Style

ASA (American Sociological Association)

Sciences & Engineering

Council of Science Editors (CSE): Biology & Other Sciences

Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) Style

American Chemical Society (ACS) Style Guide

Other Styles or Types of Sources

Print copies of a variety of citation style guides are kept at the Reference Desk in Dimond Library or any of the branch libraries; just ask for assistance.

Citation Help Through Library Databases

Some library databases, such as those from EBSCOhost and Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, allow you to get references in selected styles such as MLA, APA or AMA when emailing and saving records.

Avoiding Plagiarism