Guide to the Lewis M. Stark Isles of Shoals Papers, 1945-1988
Collection number: MC 38
Size: 1 box
About the Isles of Shoals
Located ten miles off the coast of Maine and New Hampshire, the group of nine islands
known as the Isles of Shoals has had an impact on New England history and culture
that is vast in proportion to the mere physical size of the islands. One of the very
first settlements in America and the most important fishing and trading center of
northern New England in the 1600s, the Isles of Shoals became a popular Victorian
summer resort and place of inspiration for writers, musicians, and artists. Celia
Thaxter (1835-1894), the Shoals’ most famous inhabitant, lived on Appledore Island.
Malaga, Duck, Smuttynose, Appledore, and Cedar (all in Maine); Star, Londoners (or
Lunging), Seaveys, and White (in New Hampshire) were included in a grant of a tract
of land each side of the Piscataqua River, given jointly to Sir Ferninando Gorges
and Capt. John Mason in 1631. In 1635, when the joint estates on the mainland were
divided, neither Mason nor Gorges wished to surrender their entire interest in these
valuable islands, and the group was divided between them on the line which runs
through the middle of the harbor to the sea on the southerly side. Gorges took the
northerly part and annexed it to what later became the province of Maine, while
Mason took the southerly half and joined it to the existing province of New
About the Lewis M. Stark Isles of Shoals Collection Papers
The Isles of Shoals collection consists of materials about or related to the islands,
including published works, magazine articles, ephemera, a few photographs and
postcards, and newspaper clippings. In addition, there is a sizeable Celia Thaxter
collection. The material was collected by Lewis M. Stark, a 1929 graduate of the
University of New Hampshire, who served for 25 years as head of the New York Public
Library’s Rare Book Division. Stark also donated to the University two other
collections, the Early New Hampshire Imprint Collection and a collection of bookplates.
This collection is open.
Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions
about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.
[Identification of item], Lewis M. Stark Isles of Shoals Papers, 1945-1988, MC 38, Milne Special
Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham, NH,
Multiple acquisitions: donated by Lewis M. Stark, May 21, 1984 and August 2, 1985 and by T. MacGregor, November 21, 1985 and July 24, 1986 (Accession numbers: 089, 8524, 8544, 8612)
Lewis Stark Bookplate Collection
Cataloged Lewis Stark Isles of Shoals books in the UNH Library:
Hayward, John. The New
England Gazetteer. 2nd.ed. Concord, N.H. and Boston, 1839.
“Isles of Shoals.”
Warren, Grenliffe. Olph: Or The Wreckers of the Isles of
Shoals. Boston: H.L. Williams, 1846.
Carter, Robert. A Summer
Cruise on the Coast of New England. Boston, 1864. Isles of
Shoals references, pp.140-152.
Parloa, Maria. The
Appledore Cook Book: Containing Practical Receipts for Plain and Rich
Cooking. Boston: Graves and Ellis, 1872, 1878.
Thaxter, Celia. Poems. New York and Cambridge, 1872. The author’s first
Montegeu, M.Tzl. Ancient
and Modern Isles of Shoals. Boston: G. Alex. Emery, 1872.
Signed copy: “To Whittier Elliott from John G. Whittier, Isles of Shoals, 7 Mo. 19.
1872. Includes obituary of Whittier Elliott tipped in at end.
Jenness, John Scribner. The
Isles of Shoals. New York and Cambridge, 1873, 1875, and
Thaxter, Celia. Among
the Isles of Shoals. Boston: J. R. Osgood and Company, 1873
and Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1901 editions.
Bachelder, John B. Popular
Resorts, and How to Reach Them. Boston, 1874. 2nd ed.,
revised. Author’s autographed presentation copy. “The Isles of Shoals,” p. 89.
Drake, Samuel Adams. Nooks
and Corners of the New England Coast. New York, 1875. “The
Isles of Shoals,” pp. -195.
Benjamin, S. G. W. The
Atlantic Islands As Resorts of Health and Pleasure. New
York, 1878. “Isles of Shoals,” pp. 205-221.
Stories by American Authors. Vol. 3. New
York, 1884. “A Memorable Murder. By Celia Thaxter,” pp. 135-171. (First published in
Atlantic Monthly, May 1875.)
Thaxter, Celia. Poems. 13th ed., Boston, 1885. With clippings relating to
Celia Thaxter and her husband. Thaxter’s signature pasted in. And also 2nd. copy
with pen and pencil sketches added on various pages; inscribed on flyleaf: “To dear
Mrs. Sage from C.W. Illustrated by DW. & DM – Jan 1885.” With ALS by Thaxter to
“Gertrude”and dated Clifford, Nov. 9, 1888, tipped in.
Thaxter, Celia. The
Cruise of the Mystery and Other Poems. Boston and New York,
1886. In original red printed paper covers.
Allen, Willis Boyd. Kelp: A
Story of the Isles of Shoals. Boston: D. Lothrop, 1888.
Cook, Joel. An
Eastern Tour At Home. Philadelphia, 1889. “The Isles of
Shoals,” pp. 231-238.
Langford, Laura (Carter) Hollway, comp. The
Woman’s Story: As Told By Twenty American Women... New
York, 1889. Contains “A Memorable murder. By Celia Thaxter,” pp. -291.
Thaxter, Celia. An
Island Garden. Boston and New York, 1894. First edition
with these illustrations. Also a copy of this same edition inscribed by author on
front flyleaf with four-line verse dated March 1894. Photograph of author pasted on
inside front cover. ALS tipped in, Mary Aubin Harris to Mary Whipple Aubin,
Thaxter, Celia. Letters. Boston and New York .
Stearns, Frank Preston. Sketches
From Concord and Appledore. New York, 1895. “Appledore and
the Laightons,” pp. -252; with view of the Isles of Shoals and portrait of
Hayes, H. Wilbur. Attractive Bits Along Shore. Portland, Maine: H. W. Hayes
Laighton, Oscar. Songs
From Appledore. [Cambridge, Mass.], 1899.
Thaxter, Celia. Among
The Isles of Shoals. Boston [c1901].
Unitarian Meeting House (Star Island, N.H.) The
Order of Evening Worship in the Meeting House on Star
Island. [Boston], 1903. No. 295 of 500 copies.
Laighton, Oscar. Songs
and Sonnets. [Andover, Mass., 1905?] Inscribed by the
Laighton, Oscar. Songs
From Appledore. [Cambridge, Mass.], 1907.
Isles of Shoals Hymn Book and Candle Light
Service. Isles of Shoals Association. [Portsmouth, N.H., 1908].
On the back fly-leaves are the signatures of 19 persons, including Dallas Lore Sharp
and Oscar Laighton.
Packard, Winthrop. Literary
Pilgrimages of a Naturalist. Boston [c1911]. “At the Isles
of Shoals. The Island and the garden which Celia Thaxter loved,” pp. -59.
Dedication of a Memorial to Reverend John Tucke, 1702-1773:
Star Island…July 29, 1914. [Concord, N.H., 1914.]
Bigelow, Rev. E. Victor. Brief
History of the Isles of Shoals: Off Portsmouth, New
Hampshire. [Lowell, Mass.]: Published by the Congregational
summer conference, Star Island, 1923. (The Andover Press).
Blanchard, Grace. The
Island Cure. Boston [c1922]. Chapters I-II relate to the
Isles of Shoals; view of “Old Gosport Church on Star Island,” opp. p. 44.
Woodbury, Benjamin Collins. Portsmouth and Other Poems. Boston, 1923. Includes poems
on the Isles of Shoals, pp. 15-16, p.19, and p.26.
Marean, Emma Endicott. Now and
Then. Cambridge, 1928. Author’s initialled presentation
copy to Amos R. Wells. “The Isles of Shoals,” pp. 76-79.
Laighton, Oscar. Ninety
Years at the Isles of Shoals. Boston, 1930. Also 2nd copy,
bound in green suede and inscribed: “Greetings from Oscar Laighton”; frontispiece
signed by the author.
Carpenter, Sara Stone. Pastoral
and Vespers: With Memories Turned to Music. Boston,
[c1932]. Author’s autographed presentation copy. Poems relating to the Isles of
Shoals, pp. 105-114.
Thaxter, Celia. The
Heavenly Guest. [Andover, Mass., c1935.]
Rust, Fred Winslow. Unto the
Hills and Other Verses. Boston [c1936]. Two poems on the
Isles of Shoals, pp. 34-35.
Pearson, Edmund. Murder
at Smutty Nose and Other Murders. Garden City, N.Y.
Fowler, William Plumer. Granite
Ledges, Sonnets and Lyrics. Boston [c1943]. Includes
several poems on the Isles of Shoals.
Downs, John W. Sprays
of Salt. [n.p., c1944.]
Fishwick, Marshall William. Isle of
Shoals, A Collection of Poems. New York, 1946.
Molloy, Anne. Celia’s
Lighthouse. Boston, 1949.
Young, Hazel. Islands
of New England. Boston [c1954].
Fowler, William Plumer. Sonnets
of the Shoals. Boston .
Penrose, Charles. “They
Live on a Rock in the Sea!”: The Isles of Shoals in Colonial
Days. New York, 1957.
Rutledge, Lyman V. Moonlight Murder at Smuttynose. Boston [c1958].
Fowler-Billings, Katharine. Geology
of the Isles of Shoals. Concord, N.H., 1959.
Simpson, Dorothy. The
Maine Islands, in Story and Legend. Philadelphia and New
Thaxter, Rosamond. Sandpiper. The Life of Celia Thaxter. [Sanbornville, N.H.,
Rutledge, Lyman Vincent. The
Isles of Shoals in Lore and Legend. Barre, Mass., 1965.
Illustrated Memories of Portsmouth, Isles of Shoals, New
Castle, York Harbor, York Beach, and Rye, New Hampshire.
Portland: G. W. Morris, Publisher. n.d.
Series I: About the Isles of Shoals, 1800-1987
Subseries A: Publications, 1800-1978
|Box 1, Folder 1||“A Description and Historical Account of the Isles of
Shoals.” [Boston, 1801]. Pp. 242-261. 8vo. Excerpt from Collections
of the Massachusetts Historical Society,
|Box 1, Folder 2||Thaxter, Celia. “Child-Life at the Isles of Shoals.” [Boston,
1873.] Excerpt from Atlantic Monthly, pp. 532-539. May
|Box 1, Folder 3||[Chadwick, John W.] “The Isles of Shoals.” [New York, 1874.]
Excerpt from Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, pp. 663-676.
|Box 1, Folder 4||Blount, Annette M. “A Summer Day At The Isles of Shoals.” (In
The Granite Monthly, pp. 89-94.) Feb.
|Box 1, Folder 5||Gooding, Alfred. “Reverend John Tucke: An Address Delivered
at the Dedication of a Monument on Star Island," Concord, N.H.
July 29, 1914|
|Box 1, Folder 6||Donahue, Jessie E. Star Island Chronicles (Unitarian). First
issue. Star Island, Isles of Shoals, New Hampshire, Concord, N.H.:
Rumford Press. July 8 to 29, 1916|
|Box 1, Folder 7||“Kittery: Ancient and Modern.” Kittery, ME. Includes sketch
of the Isles of Shoals, with map, pp. 36-37.
|Box 1, Folder 8||Randall, Peter E. “One Hundred Years Ago This Month: Louis
Wagner and the Smuttynose Murders.” In New Hampshire Profiles, pp.
37-39, 52-56. March 1973|
|Box 1, Folder 9||Kingsbury, John M. “The Shoals Marine Laboratory.” In New Hampshire Profiles, pp. 26-31. June
|Box 1, Folder 10||McGill, Frederick T., Jr. “Who Remembers Gosport?” In New
Hampshire Profiles, In New Hampshire Profiles, pp. 54-64.
|Box 1, Folder 11||Francis, W. L. “This New England – Isles of Shoals.” In
Yankee, pp. 45-51. July 1974|
|Box 1, Folder 12||Randall, Peter E. “Winter Isles, A Mid-February trip to the
Isles of Shoals.” In New Hampshire Profiles, pp. 19-23.
|Box 1, Folder 13||Storer, W. Scott. “The Light of the Shoals.” In New Hampshire Profiles, pp. 28-29, 45-46, & 48. Sept. 1977|
|Box 1, Folder 14||Randall, Peter E. “Birds of the Shoals.” In New Hampshire Profiles, pp. 12-15. June 1978|
|Box 1, Folder 15||Laighton Bros. “The Oceanic. Isles of Shoals. Off Portsmouth,
Subseries B: Clippings & Miscellaneous, 1847-1987
|Box 1, Folder 16||13 newspaper clippings recounting various stories, including
the fire which destroyed the Appledore Hotel; a marine boundary
dispute over lobster-fishing rights (1973); two proposed movies to
be shot in New Hampshire, one of them “Murder at Smutty Nose” [never
made?] (1948), and others.|
|Box 1, Folder 17||Brochure for the Boston & Portsmouth Steamship Company
publicizing the daily line direct from Boston to the Isles of Shoals
and Portsmouth, N.H. from Snow’s Arch Wharf, Boston on the Steamer
|Box 1, Folder 18||Four postcards (two views of Gosport Church on Star Island, a
wider view of the island, and “Shore line and mountains visible from
the Isles of Shoals”) two notecards (views of the approach to the
church and of the church entrance), a 4×5″ printed card, headed
“Nathaniel Hawthorne was a Shoaler, too,” with an excerpt from
Hawthorne’s diary from Sept. 13, 1852 in which he describes the
Isles of Shoals, a 3×4″ card with illustration of a Chines junk on
the front and “Appledore House, Isles of Shoals, Sunday, July 4th,
1880″ on the back, and an envelope with “The Oceanic Hotel/Isles of
Shoals, N.H.” printed in top left-hand corner as return
|Box 1, Folder 19||Blunt, Edmund March. Map of the Isles of Shoals. New York,
|Box 1, Folder 20||Photostat negatives: 1) of cover and first page of A Voyage
Into New England: Begun in 1623 and ended in 1624 by Christopher
Levett, London: 1628. Note attached in Lewis Stark’s handwriting:
“The earliest printed mention of the Isles of Shoals” 2) of “White
Island Light (Isles of Shoals)” by John Weiss (3 pages). On back of
first page in Stark’s handwriting: “From No.1 of a collection of ms.
poems, stories, etc. entitled “Fraternity Papers” (Mss. Div.)”
Stamped “New York Public Library” 3) of page 421 of the 1882
Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission containing a letter
from Cedric Laighton, dated April 3, 1882, reporting on the “The
Capture of Shad at Isles of Shoals, New Hampshire.” Stamped “New
York Public Library.”|
|Box 1, Folder 21||Linen teatowel. Map of the Isles of Shoals. Webster, Mass.,
|Box 1, Folder 22||Shoals Marine Laboratory materials: “Shoals Diary,” Summer
1982; welcome flyer, Summer 1983; newsletter, Spring 1983 [missing
first two pages - pages 3 and 4 are duplicated].|
|Box 1, Folder 23||“Savor the Isles of Shoals.” Advertising poster for festive
dinner at University of New Hampshire dining halls, March 5, 1987.
Sponsored jointly by UNH Dining and the Shoals Marine
|Box 1, Folder 24||Fish, C. Julian. Isles of Shoals & Blackbeard’s Treasure.
Colored illustration with brief text, 11×14″.|
Series II: Of Celia Thaxter and Others, 1872-1966
Subseries A: Of Celia Thaxter, 1872-1966
|Box 1, Folder 25||Letters from Celia Thaxter: 1) to Mr. Jenks, March 11, 1872.
Apologizes for keeping his book so long and thanks him for his kind
words. 2) to Miss Bates, Dec. 29, 1884. Thanks her for praise of
Prang’s Christmas Card, noting that Prang feared the card would not
be popular. 3) to F. J. Garrison, Boston, Nov. 6, 1886. Invites him
to an evening gathering.|
|Box 1, Folder 26||Broadside: Prang’s American Fourth Prize Christmas Card.
Boston, 1881. Verse by Celia Thaxter: “Climb thou and cling to reach
life’s highest good.” Illustration by Rosina Emmett.|
|Box 1, Folder 27||Howells, William Dean. “Literary Boston Thirty Years Ago.”
Excerpt from Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, Nov. 1895, pp. 865-880.
An account of Celia Thaxter, with portrait and view of White Island
Light, Isles of Shoals, pp. 872-874.|
|Box 1, Folder 28||Miss M.H. Jewell. “An Early Letter by Celia Thaxter.”
Old-Time New England, April 1947, pp.101-103.|
|Box 1, Folder 29||Lord, Caroline M. “To Celia Thaxter” [poem]. Yankee, March
1951, p. 34.|
|Box 1, Folder 30||Thaxter, Rosamond. “Celia Thaxter’s First Poem and the Isles
of Shoals.” Yankee, Sept. 1959, pp. 52-57.|
|Box 1, Folder 31||“A Garland For Celia Thaxter 1835-1894 on the 70th
Anniversary.” Colby Library Quarterly, Dec. 1964. Celia Thaxter
|Box 1, Folder 32||Sweetser, Mary Chisholm. “The Legend of Appledore.” The New
England Galaxy, Spring 1966, pp.22-28.|
|Box 1, Folder 33||Five photographs and one postcard: 1. Portrait of Celia
Thaxter in middle age. 2. Celia Thaxter in her garden. 3. Celia
Thaxter’s cottage on Appledore Island. 4. Man (Childe Hassam?) and
two unidentified women on the Isles of Shoals. 5. The Appledore
House, Isles of Shoals. Postcard of Celia Thaxter’s cottage,
Appledore, Isles of Shoals, N.H.|
Subseries B: Others, 1909-1958
|Box 1, Folder 34||Two letters: 1. Emma C. Marean to Amos R. Wells, April 5,
1929. Asks if she may send him a book of verses for publication. 2.
Rosamond Thaxter to Lewis M. Stark, March 11, 1958. Thanks him for
copies of four letters written by Celia Thaxter.|
|Box 1, Folder 35||Four letters documenting Lewis Stark’s purchase of Lyman V.
Rutledge’s Moonlight Murder at Smuttynose, 1958.|
|Box 1, Folder 36||Pencil drawings by Oscar Laighton: Fish – “Massey Trotter
(via HC), May 22, 1950″ written in pencil on back; and sketch of a
|Box 1, Folder 37||Two cards with poems by Oscar Laighton: “Slumber Song,” and
“Christmas Eve”; signed photo-postcard of Oscar
|Box 1, Folder 38||Photograph of Rosamond Thaxter, aged 14 years and 3 months,