Leander Harris was born March 12, 1833, in Fairlee township, Orange County, Vermont,
the third of eight children of Stephen Harris and Mary Jane Colby. Leander married
Emily S. Hunt, daughter of Jacob E. and Anna Hunt, and they had two daughters: Annie
M. in June 1857, and Clara Josephine in September 1858. Although essentially a
shoemaker by trade, in 1861 Leander was elected to the office of town clerk in
Hampstead, Rockingham County, New Hampshire.
Later in the year Leander resigned this civil position and at the beginning of the
Civil War he enlisted on the 1st of September for three years service in the Union
army. On the 18th of September he was mustered in as a private into Company I of the
Fourth New Hampshire Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Manchester, New Hampshire. Under
the command of Lieutenant Colonel Louis Bell, his regiment was sent south on
September 27 to Washington, District of Columbia, then on to Annapolis, Maryland, to
join in General Thomas West Sherman’s Expedition to Port Royal, South Carolina.
There they saw the destruction of Forts Walker and Beauregard along with the capture
of Hilton Head. The regiment camped in Hilton Head for the winter until January 1862
when they were sent to Florida to aid in the capture of the towns of Fernandina,
Jacksonville and St. Augustine. By September 1862, the regiment was returned to
Beaufort, South Carolina, for the winter. In the spring of 1863, as part of a
brigade commanded by Colonel Bell, they began the long battle to capture the South
Carolina Forts Wagner and Gregg on Morris Island, and Fort Sumter in Charleston.
From June to December 1864, a detachment of the 4th New Hampshire was sent to the
Army of the James and took part in the long siege of Petersburg, Virginia. In
January 1865, they also took part in the assault and capture of Fort Fisher, North
Leander’s usual position was an aid at the military base hospital which included the
duties of cutting wood and bringing water to the cooks. For a short time he filled
in the vacant position of steward at the hospital and later in the war, he was sent
to the trenches to bring water to the soldiers. Toward the end of the war, he was
assigned the duty of mail messenger.
Leander’s strong patriotism combined with the handsome bounty and furlough offered to
the veteran soldiers persuaded him to re-enlist for another three years duty and on
February 29, 1864, he was mustered again into the service. At the end of the war, he
was mustered out at Raleigh, North Carolina, on August 23, 1865. Leander’s brothers,
Elmer, George and Joseph Harris, also volunteered and served throughout their terms
in the Union Army with the exception of George who died in 1864.
Following the war, Leander and his family went to live in Bradford, Essex County,
Massachusetts. He worked and eventually became foreman in a shoe factory in
Hampstead, NH, as did his brothers, Elmer and Joseph. Six months after his return
from the war, in February 1866, Emily died from diphtheria, and ca.1875 Leander
married his cousin, Elizabeth D. Colby, but there were no children from this union.
Before the turn of the century, Leander and his wife moved to a farm on Crank road
in Hampton Falls, Rockingham County, New Hampshire, near his daughter. There he took
up farming and spent his remaining days until his death on August 25, 1912. Leander
and Elizabeth Harris are buried in the Westview Cemetery on Nason road in Hampton
Falls, New Hampshire.
The collection consists of 233 items arranged in five series, dating between 1852 and
1912. The bulk of the letters are from 1861-1865. They contain original personal
letters, military papers, a few photographs and other miscellaneous items. The first
series consists mainly of personal letters written during the Civil War years
1861-1865, from Leander Harris to his wife Emily. These letters mention details of
events that took place during his service, carry news of family members and friends,
describe the weather and places, and include personal notes and political opinions.
The second series contains various items related to the war itself. The third series
consists of Emily’s letters to her husband and mainly focus on her worries, family
news and events, town gossip and political opinions. The fourth series contains
personal letters from family members and friends to either Leander or Emily. They
range in content from personal events and opinions to religious advice. The fifth
and last series contains a few visual items – photographs, an ambrotype, and a
Letters that have an asterisk (*) after the date are transcriptions only. We do not
possess the originals of these.
This collection is open.
Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions
about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.
[Identification of item], Leander Harris Letters, 1852-1912, MC 193, Milne
Special Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham,
|Box 1, Folder 1||October - December,
1861. Contains seven letters.
October 8, 1861
Addressed from Camp Sherman on weather, camp life, correspondence and
November 1, 1861
An incomplete, un-addressed letter, second page of a two paged letter. On
the death count of the Port Royal Expedition. The ships Union
(captured), Governor (foundered), and Peerless (foundered) when caught
in a storm. Business with Mr. Ordway. On family issues, Annie’s broken
sled and Thanksgiving day.
November 1-2, 1861
An incomplete, un-addressed letter, on family issues: Nichols, Josie and
chicken-pox, Annie, Elmer, Nelson and Hattie Lewis, Ruth and Andrew
* November 21, 
On the bombardment of Forts Walker and Beauregard, work at the hospital,
Dr. Josiah Eastman, Dr. George Greely, patients Leavy and Andrew
November 27, 1861
An incomplete letter written aboard the “Baltic” on the fleet of
gunboats, capture of Fort Pulaski, death of John Kelley, Brewster, Dr.
Eastman, Dr. Craven, Dr. Greeley and Dr. Dearborn, and his safety.
November 28, 1861
From Hilton Head Island, SC, on camp meals, Captain Goodrich of CT
attached to General Wright’s staff on “Baltic”, political views,
regiment drilling, accident in a PA regiment, Andrew [Johnson], Elmer in
14th NH Regiment near Fort Albany, Noyes, William, Nelson, Hattie, Lewis
and Ruth, Annie, Hall and Clara’s folk.
An incomplete, un-addressed letter on camp life, hospital duties, Beman,
rebels, photos, Nelson and Hattie Lewis, Ruth, Annie, and Clara’s
|Box 1, Folder 2||January - March,
1862. Contains six letters.
On camp life, Allen’s Point, Mrs. and James Hall.
January 1, 1862
From Hilton Head on letters, ship Vanderbilt, health of regiment,
Brewster, Nelson, Hattie, Lewis and the doctor.
January 2, 1862
From Beaufort S.C. on New Years holiday, Dr. Eastman, his views of
Blacks, and working in the hospital.
March 11, 
On transfer to Fort Fisher, Dr. Dearborn, Dr. Mitchel, Julia, Emma and
March 13, 1862
Written at Fernandina describing Jacksonville, company detachments sent
to Fernandina, Mayport, the gunboats “Huron” and “Ottawa” at
Jacksonville and rebels burning native’s property.
March 19 
From Jacksonville, on his birthday, correspondence, miniatures,
mockingbirds and area, rumors of army successes and war to be over soon,
orders to St. Augustine, Annie and Brewster.
|Box 1, Folder 3||April - June, 1962.
Contains eight letters.
April 13, 1862
From St. Augustine on his orders, companies in Jacksonville, Fernandina,
97th PA sent to Hilton Head, widow Sawyer, St. Augustine, men lost,
consumption, and family news including Josie and the measles, sister
Ruth, the boys, Hattie and parents.
April 17-19, 1862
From St. Augustine on correspondence, weather and surroundings.
May 9-11, 1862
From St. Augustine, about books, regimental band, battles,
correspondence, Clara, Emmy, Elmer, Mr. Howe, Hall, Nelson and
May 16, 1862
On letter correspondence, George and his enlistment, health of regiment,
Mr. Bragdon, Brewster, weather and camp surroundings.
May 25-June 1, 1862
On regimental health, weather, regimental band, Port Royal, Dr. Eastman
and his wife, Charleston, Henry and correspondence.
June 5, 1862
From the Army of the Potomac, on duty in rifle trench, Elmer’s regiment,
Haynes since Bermuda Hundred.
June 8-18, 1862
Addressed from St. Augustine on Emmy’s birthday, death of Mr. Taylor,
steward position promised by Dr. Eastman, clothing to be sent, and
June 19, 1862
From St. Augustine on cholera morbus, Wilson’s house and war
|Box 1, Folder 4||July - September,
1862. Contains eleven letters.
July 13-21, 1862
From St. Augustine on love notes, assurance of his safety, new position
as hospital steward, his new quarters and duties as acting steward,
military band, imminent guerrilla attack, visits with the Doctor and
wife, Mrs. Morse and Mrs. Sawyer, on love notes and their years of
marriage, alarms for calling troops in the night to fight guerrillas,
pickets, the black Doctor, Colonel Bell’s determination, and the
July 22-25, 1862
On his disappointment in the mail and lack of war news, rumors of
McClelland army being defeated near Richmond, France recognizing the
United States government, and steward position.
August 1-2, 1862
Incomplete, un-addressed letter. On boys going home, plants native to the
area: red and white oleanders, and crape myrtle.
August 3-7, 1862
From St. Augustine on steamer departures, “Darlington”, Commissary Cole,
miniatures, love notes and his safety.
August 8-11, 1862
From St. Augustine on the mosquitoes, their letters, the Doctor’s leave
of absence, court martial of officers for drunkenness and disorderly
conduct, Benj. Wheeler’s commission as 2d Lieutenant, arrival of new
chaplain, lack of mail, Ruth, Hattie and spouses and Clara and
August 17, 1862
From St. Augustine on steamer from Key West leaving for Port Royal, lack
of mail, his and regiment’s health.
August 25, 1862
From St. Augustine on their anniversary, dreams, Doctor’s leave of
absence, Brewster serving in rebel ranks, and Elmer’s Colonel.
September 6-7, 1862
From St. Augustine, on his preparations to leave after being in St.
Augustine for five months, Joseph in the 7th New Hampshire regiment
staying with him, Brewster desertion and joining with the
September 14, 1862
From St. Augustine on his safety, Joseph in the 7th NH regiment,
departure for Beaufort, and nurse John Dow of Atkinson.
September 16-17, 1862
From Beaufort, SC, describing camp life and area, Virginia troops,
discusses politics, arrival of Assistant Surgeon, Dr. Cumming’s
daughter, Mary, vacant Steward position, arrival of General Mitchell at
Hilton Head replacing Hunter, military band, Ruth, Hattie and
September 24, 1862
From Beaufort on Emmy’s political views, Dr. Eastman’s daughter Mary, Dr.
Greeley, the new Doctor, Mrs. Eastman, Richard Petty’s death, and
|Box 1, Folder 5||October - December,
1862. Contains nine letters.
October 5, 1862
From Beaufort on their correspondence, Doctor’s arrival, Ruth, Emmy, his
safety, battles, reports of disbandment, Colonel Bell at Hilton Head,
General Mitchell, Brigadier General Terry at Augustine, Governor Berry,
Captain Ben DeFord and 1st Brigadier General Knight.
October 13, 1862
From Beaufort on the Doctor’s discharge, Brewster’s desertion for rebel
service, hopes for Steward’s position, the Colonel’s dislike for Dr.
Eastman, the impending expedition, medical supplies needed, 4th Regiment
not disbanded, Dr. Eastman’s advice for Colonel Whipple.
* October 25, 1862
From Beaufort S.C. on battle at the Pocotaligo bridge and retreat, Jim
Haynes, Mrs. Sawyer, Dr. Eastman still in St. Augustine.
October 29-30, 1862
From Beaufort on his return, length of the war, his Regiment charging the
rebel batteries, the Doctor’s departure for Hilton Head, Lieutenant
Cole’s Hampstead visit, Lincoln’s Proclamation, death of General
Mitchell, Nelson, Lewis and Emily.
November 18, 1862
From Beaufort on Mrs. Sawyer, Haynes, Dr. Eastman’s discharge, political
views, Steward position, his safety, children’s miniatures, books at Dr.
Eastman’s and Uncle Tappan’s.
December 4-12, 1862
From Beaufort on their correspondence and family.
An incomplete letter on his political views, his mother’s health, Joseph,
daughters Josie, Annie and Emmy’s sickness.
December 17, 1862
From Beaufort on return to Florida and General Mitchell’s death.
December 21, 1862
From Beaufort on Dr. Cumming, his “bilious attack,” Haynes and Hart, the
Ward Master position, Captain Brown’s resignation, the new steward, Dr.
Greeley, Dr. Eastman, Mr. Howe, Regiment at Port Royal.
|Box 1, Folder 6||January - March,
1863. Contains five letters.
January 19-24, 1863
From Beaufort on his safety, Charlie Shannon’s death, Joseph, Emily’s
picture, possible regiment movement, Burly Mason, and Dr. Cummings.
Men from the regiment escort deserters to General Meade’s headquarters in
Sulpher Springs. A request for more men to escort deserters to Sulpher
Springs raises the sore question of company idleness.
February 5-8, 1863
From Beaufort on letters, political views, Lieutenant Colonel, Mrs.
Sleeper, Hattie’s baby and Mrs. Coming.
February 11, 1863
From Beaufort on their correspondence, his mother, Margaret, Haynes’
health, orders to move, pay situation and Emmy’s letters.
March 26, 1863
From Beaufort on his last letter, leaving Beaufort, General Laxton’s
objection, General Hunter’s change of orders, picket duty at Port Royal
ferry, Mrs. Sawyer, Jim, Hilton Head, little Ettie’s death, rumors about
war ending, Dr. Cummings at Hilton Head.
March 29, 1863
From Beaufort on the regiment picket and Hilton Head.
|Box 1, Folder 7||April - June, 1863.
Contains four letters.
May 3, 1863
From Folly Island, SC, on encampment near Fort Sumter and the rebels.
May 13, 1863
From Folly Island, on the season, seashore, Mrs. Sawyer, Elmer, Hattie’s
baby, his father, mother, and Clara.
May 19, 1863
Addressed from “in Camp” on details of picket duty, the trenches, letters
to Fort Monroe, defeat and accomplishment of his regiment, and Elmer at
June 30-July 2, 1863
From Camp Howell on Folly Island, birthdays of Emmy and Annie, 7th
Regiment encampment, political views, burning letters for their safety,
English streamer in Charleston, J.C. Dickerman, Emma’s grandmother at
|Box 1, Folder 8||July - September,
1863. Contains three letters.
July 8, 1863
From Camp Howell, Folly Island, on Emmy’s accident, preparing for attack,
General Vodges’ compliments, regiments in reserve, sister Ruth and
August 31, 1863
From Morris Island on siege of Charleston, the near demolish of Fort
Sumter by General Gilmore, and patriotism.
September 6, 1863
From Morris Island on the mail, Elmer, Joseph, and money issues.
|Box 1, Folder 9||October - December,
1863. Contains six letters.
October 3, 1863
From Morris Island, SC, on the war and the country.
October 6, 1863
From Morris Island, on correspondence, the soldiers and the work on
fortifications, the rebels, report of fleet passing batteries, 15-inch
guns, blame on the Admiral, General Gilmore and mail boat Arago.
November 8, 1863
From Morris Island, on love notes, Lincoln’s policy, their disagreement
on politics, Martha Griffin’s marriage to George Bailey, Brewster and
the rebels, Nelson, Hattie and Ruth.
November 23, 1863
From Morris Island, on letters and Emmy’s political views on the enemy,
shoemaking, weather and the new chaplain.
November 28-December 6, 1863
From Morris Island on their letters, the batteries, mounting mortars on
Sullivan’s Island, ironclad ships and Fort Sumter.
December 12, 1863
From Morris Island, on letters, the weather and William.
|Box 1, Folder 10||January - March,
1864. Contains five letters.
January 6, 1864
From Morris Island, on camp life, bounty and furlough offers to
January 12, 1864
From Morris Island, on Emmy’s health, letters and diary, weather, the
children, Annie, Joe and Dr. Eastman.
January 22, 1864
From Morris Island, on his health, rumors of departing for Beaufort,
influence of the NH “democratic papers”, political differences, and
February 7, 1864
From Morris Island, on bounty and furlough offers, bounty allowing to get
away from shoemaking, Emmy’s views on re-enlistment, a possible
expedition for the 7th Regiment, daily duties and Lewis.
February 14, 1864
From Beaufort, SC, on little Jo, regiment orders and departure for
Beaufort, Morris Island, General Laxton’s influence.
|Box 1, Folder 11||April - June, 1864.
Contains ten letters.
* April 11, 1864
From Concord on returning after being home on a furlough waiting to
return to his regt, train from Windham, promise to abstain from alcohol,
April 20, 1864
From Arlington Heights, VA, on the Potomac near Fort Cass, Elmer, Joseph
as prisoner, and Fred Shannon.
April 22, 1864
From Arlington Heights, on love notes, his patriotism, Annie and
April 23-25, 1864
From Arlington Heights, on drill practice, weather, General Casey’s
division, the move towards Alexandria, Washington City, troops and
Brigades and troops, Henry, the Chaplain, Brigades of the 9th and 11th
Maine, 3rd and 4th NH Regiments, steamers to Fortress Monroe, Elmer,
* April 28-29, 1864
From Yorktown, VA on camp life, soldiers receiving mail, move towards
Williamsburg, Henry, Frank.
May 3-8, 1864
From Gloucester Point, Yorktown, VA, on an imminent move, picket near
Petersburg, VA, Emmy’s letter, his safety, burning letters for safety
reasons, sharp fighting.
May 11, 1864
From Near City Point, VA, views on the war, relief from picket duty,
march back to camp, and Petersburg.
May 20-23, 1864
An incomplete letter addressed from “On picket”, on a hard fight,
discussion on war; relief from picket duty, Butler’s Army, Grant to
Richmond, enemy communication broken, and skirmishes.
* May 27, 1864
From near Bermuda Hundred on Henry in the hospital, moving to unknown
location, fear of Emmy or family sick, dream about Emmy, General Grant,
May 31, 1864
From White House Landing, VA, on health concerns, departure from Bermuda
Hundred for York River.
June [erroneously dated as May] 6, 1864
From the Army of the Potomac, on trench duty, good “breastworks”, enemy
attacked but repulsed and Elmer’s regiment.
June 8, 1864
From near Coal Harbor, VA, on Emmy’s birthday, orders to report to
Brigadier Head-Quarters for position as Post Master, town bounty,
William, Allen Martin, Elmer, Frank Jackman killed and Charles Ayer.
* June 10, 1864
From near Coal Harbor, VA, on comfort of recieving letters, General
Hancock, General Smith, Bottoms Bridge, Elmer, Charles Grover, Henry
Little, Col. Bell, Hattie, Ruth, Henry’s injury, and on his abstaining
* June 18, 1864
From near Bermuda Hundred, on their change of location, fighting at
Whitehill near Petersburg, response to Emmy’s letter
June 29, 1864
From near Petersburg, on Elmer, artillery firing, General Grant,
Leander’s health, lower prices at home, letters.
|Box 1, Folder 12||July - September,
1864. Contains ten letters.
July 4, 1864
From near Petersburg, on Elmer, Mother, an imminent fight.
July 9, 1864
From near Petersburg, on Elmer as prisoner, rebel attack, prisoners from
Birney’s Division and General Grant’s picture.
July 13, 1864
From near Petersburg, on his apologies, his weight, pictures of
Lieutenant Jewett and Colonel Bell, Captain Clough, Frank and Charlie
August 3, 1864
From Bermuda Hundred, VA, on fight near Petersburg leaving killed and
wounded, Corporal Young, Captain J. M. Clough, Henry Mann, an American
flag and Elmer.
August 7, 1864
From Bermuda Hundred, on the Division, the flies, Mother, William, Elmer,
* August 9, 1864
From Bermuda Hundred, on weather, Gen. Grant, William, his Mother, Annie,
Josie, his health.
August 11, 1864
An incomplete letter from Bermuda Hundred, on Emmy’s letters, weather
August 19, 1864
From Jones Landing, VA, on Bermuda Hundred departure, loss of men, Henry
wounded, Ed McNeil killed, weather conditions, Brigadier Colonel Bell’s
leave of absence and reputation, marching orders, heavy firing around
Petersburg, camp life, Elmer.
* August 23, 1864
From Bermuda Hundred, VA, on his return to Bermuda Hundred, Emmy and his
love, the current campaign and the loss of men, his health, visit to
Point of rocks to see Haynes, and on the weather.
September 1, 1864
From near Petersburg, on his departure, knapsack lost, letter burning for
safety reasons, Josie’s birthday, Emmy’s dream, Mother, 4th NH Regiment
soldier David Runnels, duty in the trenches, his safety, Haynes’
September 7, 1864
From the Tenth A.C. Hospital, on his departure from the Brigadier
Head-Quarters, George, Mother, Lt. Wheeler, E. P. Hall, Henry, Sgt. John
September 24, 1864
From the Base Hospital 10″ A.C., near Broadway Landing, VA, on General
McClelland, opposing political views, Elmer at West Amesbury, Josie,
Annie, confidence in General Grant, General Sheridan.
|Box 1, Folder 13||October - December,
1864. Contains four letters.
October 23, 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, VA, about re-enlistment,
Joseph’s escape from the Andersonville rebels, Georgia, Bushbee’s death,
Mother, Hattie’s baby.
* November 5, 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, VA, on response to Emmy’s
letter, passing on a furlough to go home and vote, and on his
* November 15, 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, VA, on Emmy’s unhappiness and
his love for her.
* November 20 , 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, VA, on his new place built
for the winter, his leisure time, and on his health.
December 4, 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, on white and colored troops
consolidation, the hospital, departure for Point of Rocks on Appomattox
River, coming home, Mother, Elmer, Mr. Buck, Haynes.
* December 10 , 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, VA, on staying with sick
patients while everyone else moves to new location, Regt. to meet Gen.
Sherman, snow storm and current weather, fighting on the front, waiting
for his furlough, letter from Mrs. Haynes.
December 15, 1864
From Base Hospital 10th A.C. Jones Landing, on moving, the furlough,
Joseph, Billy Norton as Lieutenant, Mr. Brown.
December 31, 1864
From U.S. General Hospital, Point of Rocks, VA, on his new location, town
|Box 1, Folder 14||January - March
1865. Contains four letters.
* January 12, 1865
From U.S. General Hospital, Point of Rocks, on his new location, lack of
work, waiting for furlough, his health, General Butler’s removal.
* January 16, 1865
From U.S. General Hospital, Point of Rocks, on Emmy not recieving his
letters, the weather, Capt. John Smith, view of Appomattox, Jackey (Mrs.
Dr. Storr’s servant), Jackey’s letter, Elmer, Joseph, rumors of war
January 23, 1865
From U.S. General Hospital, Point of Rocks, on letters, Elmer and Joseph,
January 29, 1865
From U.S. General Hospital, Point of Rocks, on his furlough, Division in
NC, General Sherman’s army, and duty details.
* February 9, 1865
From Camp of the 4th Regt. N.H. Vols, near Fort Fisher, N.C., on leaving
the hospital, Fort Monroe, the weather, Emmy’s letter, Henry, death of
February 22, 1865
From Federal Point near Fort Fisher, on duty at Dispensary, Dr. Dearborn,
camp life, surrender of Fort Anderson, forces to Wilmington, Sherman
taking Charleston, money issues, and Emmy’s health.
* February 24-25, 1865
From near Fort Fisher, on Union forces taking Wilmington, Dr. Dearborn,
Jim McDermot, Ed. Hall, ordered to report to the Post Hospital, Dr.
trying to get permission for him to stay.
March 10, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, NC, on family political
influence, Julia’s letter.
* March 19, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, NC, on getting paid, Mr.
Buck, Elmer to send clothing, having no money, his penmanship.
* March 26, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, NC, on the Regt. at
Goldborough 80 miles from him at the hospital, clothing received from
Elmer, work is light, the theatre, description of the town.
|Box 1, Folder 15||April - June 1865.
Contains six letters.
April 2-3, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, on letters; continues
with regiment sickness, prisoners, camp conditions, death of several
Doctors and two Captains as well as most nurses, his health, Dickens,
April 9, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, on war news, his health,
money, Confederate note, photo of Rebel General Whiting, late Commander
of Fort Fisher.
* April 15, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, on not recieving
letters, getting paid.
* April 18, 1865
From General Hospital, Camp Jackson, Wilmington, on steamer arriving,
wives in the army, Sweet Williams and Magnolia flowers, Mrs. Thomas,
women and children using tobacco.
* May 3, 1865
From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, on Camp Jackson Hospital broken
up, light work, description on new hospital, Jo’s photograph.
* May 8, 1865
From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, on war coming to an end, waiting
to go home, homesick, sending money home.
* May 14 , 1865
From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, troops beginning to be mustered
out, weather, Sethe Man.
* May 18, 1865
From U.S. Marine Hospital, Wilmington, leaving for Raleigh. Dates letter
May 22, 1865
From Raleigh N.C. On his arrival at Raleigh and rumors of being mustered
May 26, 1865
From Raleigh, NC, on his discharge and returning home.
June 3, 1865
From Raleigh N.C. On his discharge and coming home.
June 25, 1865
From Raleigh N.C. On his discharge being pushed back.
|Box 1, Folder 16||July - September
1865. Contains two letters.
July 26, 1865
On furlough delay and hopes for discharge, duties at Post Hospital, Dr.
Dearborn’s request, duty at Department Head-Quarters as special
messenger, money issues, Mr. Buck.
August 6, 1865
From Raleigh, NC, on mail messenger duties, money issues.
|Box 1, Folder 18||October - December
1861. Contains two letters.
October 13, 1861
On love notes, town money, Mr. Johnson, Mrs. Brewster, Mr. Ordway,
Leander’s enlistment, Capt. Brown, Sarah Bricket, Mrs. McNeil’s dress,
Mrs. Sawyer, Mrs. Shannon, John Willson, death of Jacob Little,
December 15, 1861
On money issues, Augusta’s note, Nelson’s leg, Hale’s mill, Dr. Hovey,
Woodman, John Ordway, James Hall, Reufus, letters, Julia, William,
Emerson, Nelson Morgan, Emily at Julia’s, Elmer, Capt. Sleeper, Addison
|Box 1, Folder 19||January - April
1862. Contains six letters.
January 1, 1862
On love notes, Josie, Annie, Lewis’ folks, Johnson’s wife, Mother,
Nelson, Mr. Smith’s store, Mrs. Bachelder, Mrs. J. Hall, William.
January 4, 1862
On weather, Mother, Nelson’s leg, Eastman, love notes, Augusta and Alva,
letters, death of Dr.’s wife’s grandfather, Mr. Folsom, Leander’s
position, and Julia’s singing.
January 10, 1862
On Ben Sargent’s choir meeting, William and Julia, Ida’s lessons with
Mary Kelley, Laura Stickney’s death from diptheria, Nelson to pay for
Leander’s gun, Elmer’s comrades, political issues.
January 16, 1862
On miniatures, Nelson’s leg, Hattie, Ruth, Emmy’s dream, Mr. Garland,
letters to William and Julia.
February 1, 1862
On her dream, her viewpoints on war, Ben Smith’s marriage, Luther Austin
out of prison and marriage to Priscilla Collins, Mother, Annie’s
February 17, 1862
Dr. Morse, money issues, administration spending money, political views,
paper money versus silver, Mr. and Mrs. Haynes, Benjamin Smith, Jim
Hall, Mother, Father, Joseph.
March 16, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. on family news, Annie had and Josie has the measles.
Annie is learning mathematics in school. Sending essays one by Hale and
another by Johnson, along with a banner. Julia’s visit. Jacob Beckford’s
funeral. Nelson, Lewis, Ruth. Seeing Emily Page’s fatherless baby,
Josie’s singing, Emmy’s dream.
|Box 1, Folder 20||April - June 1862.
Contains fifteen letters.
April 5, 1862
On letters, Dr. Eastman, Leander and the steward position, Dan Nichols,
Reufus, singing with Julia and Helen Frost, Mr. Welch and Mrs.
April 7, 1862
Mr. Bragdon, letters, Mr. Nichols’ returned, Leander’s position, Col.
Whipple, shoe making for money, Joseph, Dickens’ Great Expectations,
Joseph’s Regiment and small pox, Charles Richards, Mr. W. of Hampstead,
mocking birds, Stephan Shannon on “John Brown,” Berry.
April 20, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. On the mumps, Lewis’ letters, 7th New Hampshire
volunteers, Dr. Morse, David Currier, Capt. George, Richard Welch, the
war and her fears, rumors in town about soldiers being “taken in,” Mr.
Bragdon, Brewster, Dickens “Tale of Two Cities” and “Great
Expectations,” Beauregard and the Pittsburg Battle. their reunion,
battle of Pittsburg, Dr. home on furlough, Methodist Society, Mr.
Rogers, N. Salem, love notes.
An incomplete letter on their political differences, the NH Democratic
newspapers, Know-Nothing Party, Republican party, abolitionists, Julia,
Greeley, Phillips, an excellent portrayal of Emmy’s sentiments regarding
An incomplete letter on politics, the war, Lincoln’s words on war, Daniel
Webster quotes, Mrs. Currier’s paper on “The Free South,” New Year’s
Celebration, Mrs. Gage’s speech.
April 26-27, 1862
From Atkinson, [NH], on Leander’s enlistment and safety, Clara, Mr.
Taylor, Simeon, N.C. Smith, Rufus Smith, money issues, Lewis’ folks,
An incomplete letter on politics, enlistment conditions, Mrs. Hayes’
death, Hiram Nichols, George Merril’s children, John Kimbel.
April 26, 1862
From Hampstead, on his return, Haynes, Dr. Comings, Mary Eastman marries,
Ella, shoe making.
From Hampstead, N.H. On family news, the children have the mumps and
Emmy’s mother sick, school is starting for Annie. Stephan Shannon’s Wife
and Johnathan Taylor have died. Response to Leander’s description of St.
May 11, 1862
Leander’s move to Charleston, singing with Julia, William, George Hyde,
May 18, 1862
On “shaker business,” shoes for John Tabor, Mr. Tolson’s old home,
Julie’s baby, Meeting House, Annie, Ettie Sargent, burial of William
Griffon’s wife, Leander’s Mother, Maggie’s letters, Bradford.
May 25, 1862
On Leander’s letter, Clara, Emmy, Lewis and Ruth, shoemaking, shaker
work, Father’s cane, Nathan Johnson’s family, Alice.
June 8, 1862
Her birthday, summer clothes from Haverhill, making hats and shakers,
singing, letters, Negroes, Illinois law, Hunter’s Regiment, political
views, President’s Proclamation, Gov. Andrew’s to Secretary of War on
more troops, Sumner, Wendel Phillips, rebels, P. Nichols, Ralph
June 22, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. On Emmy’s worries that she has not received any
letters from Leander in over a month. Received money and books. Julia
made a visit, saw Margaret, and sent letter to Joseph. Josie and Annie
June 29, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. On reports of departure from St. Augustine for Port
Royal, Union defeat, his safety, soldiers killed at Charleston, General
arrested, 3rd New Hampshire Regiment, Pen, Dickens, books, Jonny Bull,
Ben Butler, Richmond, McClelland, General Pope, Washington, Richmond,
armies of Fremont, Bank and McDowell, Reufus King, pig weed tea, nurse
Mrs. Willson, Annie, Emma and Jan, Mrs. B., Josie, Dr. E., Mrs. Emerson,
|Box 1, Folder 21||July - September
1862. Contains eleven letters.
July 7, 1862
Shopping in Haverhill, newly born niece, Father’s rheumatism, sending
July 25, 1862
On Josie, Annie, William, Julia, McClelland superseding Ranton.
August 3, 1862
Nelson and Lewis’ folks, Clara, Leander’s safety, Josie and Annie, Mrs.
Mary Eastman, his enlistment, the war, Mrs. Brewster, a drowning, the
farms and weather conditions.
August 10, 1862
Josie’s accident, England and France interfering with war, Mrs. Brewster
and her husband, town to decide bounty, enlistments of Ezekiel Bartlet,
Layrus and Henry Little.
August 16, 1862
Jefferson Davis’ proclamation, town vote for bounty.
August 24, 1862
Mr. Brewster’s desertion, Horace Sawyer’s marriage and enlistment,
Evender Corson, Ezekial Bartlet, the steward position, Mr. Pratt, Mr.
Garland, W. Buck, the draft, political views, Emmy’s earlier sickness,
dealing with her fears.
August 31, 1862
Political views, rebels taking Washington, Dorothy Page, Eastman and the
September 7, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. on the new Assistant Surgeon, George Johnson’s death
from diptheria, discouragement about the war and her political views on
September 16-18, 1862
Laws restricting soldiers from writing, Hasen Hoyt, Mr. Courier’s
September 19, 1862
Letter writing to soldiers.
September 28, 1862
Rumor from Mr. Brown of 4th NH disbandment, his safety, “Banner” reports,
Horace Sawyer and the bounty, Ed’s enlistment, Brewster back in
|Box 1, Folder 22||October - December
1862. Contains nine letters.
October 3-5, 1862
An incomplete letter on Hampstead and Emmy’s views on war, patriotism, NY
Tribune blame on Government, Emmy’s sickness with her throat and
“scrofula humor”. [Note: date "Sep. 5" in letter in error.]
October 12, 1862
On Ed’s enlistment to avoid draft, Leander’s patriotism as viewed by
townspeople, Judge Abbot speech at Faneuil Hall, Emmy’s throat, Dr.
Eastman and Governor B. on regiment disbandment, Charles Richards,
October 16, 1862
On her fears, blame on Abraham Lincoln’s control of commanders.
November 2, 1862
An incomplete letter on Dr. Eastman’s resignation and popularity,
Leander’s dislike for him early on at Manchester, Dr. Eastman on Col.
Bell, Lincoln’s Proclamation to emancipate slavery.
November 9, 1862
From Hampstead, N.H. On the weather, her feeling ill, her political
opinions on Sumner and of those not fighting in the war, M.F. Johnson
and wife coming for a visit.
November 23, 1862
From Hampstead, NH. On chores, Haverhill, pictures taken of Josie and
Annie, letter received from Leander’s mother, Eastman’s arrival, death
of General Mitchell from yellow fever, Mrs. Sawyer, Charles Woodman’s
death, her dream of Leander, Annie’s painting, character of Josie and
Annie, and her exasperation on waiting for his news.
December 9, 1862
On Mrs. S.’s health, Haynes and Leander, Dr. Eastman, Nelson’s baby Lola
Hannah, Mrs. Bailey’s (Susan Griffin’s) baby, Louie Glen, articles from
NH Patriot, President’s message, ‘negro on the brain’, Horace Greeley,
December 14, 1862
An incomplete letter on Father, Mr. Smith, Dr. Eastman’s remarks and
discharge, fears for Leander, Emmy’s throat.
December 25, 1862
On love notes, jealousy, friend killed, “colored friend”, Mother’s
health, Mrs. Haynes, Charles Richards’ death on picket line, blacks.
|Box 1, Folder 23||January - March
1863. Contains five letters.
January 7, 1863
On Dr. Eastman’s remarks, Leander’s stories about Dr. Eastman and the
steward position, Charlie Shannon’s body.
January 24, 1863
On Leander’s re-enlisting or not and his keeping a journal.
February 8, 1863
On Leander’s safety, Charlie Shannon’s death, James Hall’s visit, singing
school, William, Julia, Evender Corson, Mrs. Corson, J.W. Garland, Dr.
Eastman working on diptheria cases.
February 20, 1863
An incomplete letter on money issues, Major Smith, Leander’s debt, Jim
Hayes, Lt. Col. Sleeper, Dorothy Page, Emmy’s views on war, agreeing
with J. Marshall.
March 8, 1863
An incomplete letter on “abolition” views, Maria Pett, Richard Pett’s
death, town meeting, M.H. Johnson visits to Copp, Emerson, Buck,
Moulton, Republications getting votes.
March 12, 1863
An incomplete letter apologizing for her last letters, Ettie Eastman’s
death, Leander’s return.
|Box 1, Folder 24||April - June 1863.
Contains three letters.
May 14, 1863
(Letter barely legible) on their opposing viewpoints, hopes for his
return, new minister, Mr. Tilton, rumors about discharging NH infantry
(rest of letter illegible).
May 29, 1863
From Hampstead, N.H. On the weather, flowering plants, dreams of
Leander’s return, Grandmother Eastman’s death, Mary’s marriage, Ettie,
Mrs. Batchelder, sisters Julia and Margaret, Mrs. Sawyer, rebel forces
to Port Royal, Lt. Edgerly.
June 29, 1863
On her arm, singing at school, Henry similar to Leander, Josie, Annie,
“Banner” statements on 4th and 7th NH coming North, Henry and Nelson,
Hattie’s baby, Isabel.
|Box 1, Folder 25||July - September
1863. Contains eight letters.
July 13, 1863
On drafting, political views, the children and school, Margaret, Neddy,
his return, George Dow’s death.
July 26, 1863
On Ruth’s sickness, Leander’s regiment taking Morris Island, Fort Sumter,
views of William Emerson and others on “conscript law”, Hamilton Hoyet’s
remarks of another election, Vallandigham’s arrest, W. Phillips and
amalgamation, Greely on the South, Seymour’s July 4th speech, Clara,
Emmie, singing, Ruth, Hattie, Joseph.
August 6, 1863
On J. H. Harris wounded, George Grenough, furlough for Leander’s
regiment, Father’s paper on “Copperheads”, political views,
August 16, 1863
An incomplete letter on the NH and Hampstead draft, brother Lewis
drafted, 15th Regiment returned, Mr. Currier, Mr. Hutchins, Olsen
Nichols, Nat Frost, Moss Griffin, 15th MA Regiment, James Hall drafted,
Jason Noyes, Mr. Pratt, Frank Sawyer, Job Tabor, Charles Randlet,
September 11, 1863
On Mr. Badger’s remarks on Charleston, Lewis and the draft, Fred Kent,
Dr. Eastman and James Hall, Mr. Page, Aunt Susan, Emma Haseltine and
September 20, 1863
From Hampstead, N.H. On their letters, Julia, Lewis and the draft
substitute, Caleb Moulton, “Copperheads” and constitution. Hazen Hoyet,
Hiram Nichols, George Merril, and John Kimbol. Price of clothing.
September 26, 1863
From Hampstead, N.H. on their letters, Julia, Lewis and the draft
substitute, Caleb Moulton, “Copperheads” and constitution. Hazen Hoyet,
Hiram Nichols, George Merril, and John Kimbol. Price of clothing.
September 27, 1863
An incomplete letter on a singing meet at new minister’s house, Jim Dow,
Sr.’s abolition preaching, Frank Sawyer inquiry.
|Box 1, Folder 26||October - December
1863. Contains five letters.
October 11, 1863
On paper on “Free South”, preacher Daniel Griffin, Mr. Badger, Mrs.
Sargent, Josie and Annie, Lola, Laura Corson, Mr. Tabor’s folks, Emily
Becford’s scandal with Salem minister, death of Emily’s baby, being
November 1, 1863
On Methodist Society, Dr. Eastman, Ella, Mary Emerson, Helen Frost,
Lissie Sawyer, Julie, singing, money issues, shoemaking, children’s
November 22, 1863
From Hampstead, N.H. On thankful for his letters and safety, love notes.
On town gossip, George Bailey, Martha, Augusta.
An incomplete letter on Josie’s sickness.
December 6, 1863
On his reaction to an article she sent, general events at home,
Thanksgiving at Julia’s.
|Box 1, Folder 27||January - December
1864. Contains seven letters.
January 1-3, 1864
On sickness around town, Christmas and the children, Clara’s
January 10, 1864
From Hampstead, N.H.On Ben Sargent’s choir meeting, William and Julia,
Ida’s lessons with Mary Kelley, Laura Stickney’s death from diphtheria,
Nelson to pay for Leander’s gun, Elmer’s comrades, political issues.
* January 18, 1864
From Hampstead, on singing rehearsal and choir meeting, on her thoughts
of him reenlisting, Julia, Margaret, Annie learning to spell.
January 24,  (mis-dated 1863)
From Hampstead, N.H. On Leander’s re-enlistment, Annie’s remark, Joseph’s
letter to Julia on soldiering.
* February 7, 1864
Fragment letter, From Hampstead, on Josie has worms, Annie made a rag
doll, diphtheria outbreak believed over since John Strickland’s wife and
two oldest girls died of it, Lottie, Ruth.
February 23, 1864
On General Gilmore’s Brigade to Jacksonville, rumors about George Bailey
and wife Martha, money issues.
April 17-19, 1864
On Regiment leaving Concord, letters, Mrs. Sawyer, Mary Smith, her agony
on missing Leander, Julia, Ruth, Hattie, Mr. Clark, Lewis, diphtheria,
Joseph as prisoner Margaret, William, attempt to take Richmond, regiment
to Annapolis, Mrs. Corson, Annie, Mr. Hydes children and diphtheria,
Susan, Joseph, Haverill with father, money, Mr. Ordway, Nelson, army
defeat in Texas, love notes.
|Box 1, Folder 28||January - December
1865. Contains nine letters.
March 5, 1865
On her sickness, letters, Annie, the children.
April 3, 1865
On money issues, her work and being alone.
April 16, 1865
An incomplete letter on his re-enlistment, rumors around town, death of
Lincoln, views on Lincoln.
April 16, 1865
A typescript letter of the original of the same date.
April 23, 1865
From Hampstead, N.H. on church news, wanting a new story to read, and
father unable to work.
July 17, 1865
On money issues, her health, church meeting house, children.
July 23, 1865
Hampstead, N.H. on Mother’s accident, chores, rumors of the 4th being
discharged, selling berries.
July 27-29, 1865
On berry picking mishap, toothache, children’s sickness, weather, Mrs.
Deacon Kent’s death.
August 13, 1865
Hampstead, N.H. on Father better and Mother ill, her not feeling well,
Nelson Hattie and family come for a visit.
|Box 1, Folder 29||Unknown dates. Contains six incomplete letters.
Beginning with “I dreamend [sic] a…” from Emmy to Leander on silly
dreams, Julia, Clara, Leander’s mother, John Johnston’s enlistment,
Beginning with “walking is so bad…” from Emily to Leander on singing
school, Emily Ann, Mrs. George Corson, children, sewing shoes with
father, Hattie’s baby, Horace Sawyer, Nat Corson wounded, Allen Martin
on furlough, Mr. Haynes, Seymour’s speech.
Undated [late summer]
Beginning with “and there is but one…” from Emmy to Leander on Josie and
Annie, harvest season.
Beginning with “was here he would…” from Emmy to Leander on Annie,
weather, love notes, Jim.
Beginning with ” I write kind of curious…” from Emmy to Leander on Josie,
Beginning with “Sabbath to-day and…” from Emmy to Leander on prisoners at
Richmond, rations, General Gilmore’s army, Charleston, Fort Sumter, Mr.
Moulton, M. H. Johnson, Mr. Badger, Bible, singing school, death of
Elbridge Woods’ wife and child, soldiers in battle, disease, Annie.
Beginning with "But I must tell you… " from Emmy to Leander on Dr.
Eastman’s son and grandsons, Leander not receiving letters.
|Box 1, Folder 38||January 1862 - December
1864. Contains nine letters.
July 29, 1862
An incomplete letter addressed from Hampstead, on correspondence,
weather and hay crops, produce and prices, “shinplasters”, postal
stamps, President’s call for troops, patriotism in Sandown and
Hampstead, James Brickett, Mass. 17th, Haverill bounty, Militia
August 14, 1862
From brother Joe in Beaufort, SC, on letter exchanges, Elmer, life at
Fort Jefferson, fight at James’ Island, Hilton Head, Manchester,
regimental health, “niggers”, rebels, “Hunter’s nigger brigade”,
Yankee, “Hunter’s black lambs”, gunboats, pickets, Mr. Beman, Dr.
Eastman, paper by soldiers at San Augustine.
September 28, 1862
A letter from Wm. C. Little at Hampstead, on Edward [Tosier]
enlisting in Mass. 50th Regt. at Camp Boxford and Col. Messer,
formerly Capt. Of Hale Guards in Haverill, Dr. regarding the 12th
and 4th Regiments, Port Royal, Presidential views on slavery, Boston Tribune and Boston Journal article on rebel
invasion, emancipation, abolitionist pressure, foreign intervention,
worst civil war in world history, Julia, weather, crops, prices,
shoe business, Haverill Company loss, Brewster.
February 15, 1863
From W. C. in Hampstead on singing schools, winter weather,
accomplishment of army, Army of the Potomac, the Dr., George O.
Jenness in rebel army, battle of Fredericksburg, soldiers C. J.
Hoyt, F. S. Eastman and Heeser taken prisoner, Abby Shannon’s baby
girl, Julia, Elmer.
August 9, 1863
From Wm. C. Little at Hampstead on Fort Wagner, Corporal J. [Joseph]
H. Harris wounded, Capt. [Houde], Lt. N. G. Parker in 1st SC Regt.
Formerly Sgt. In MA Cavalry at Port Royal, draft, Provost Marshall
Gen., Gov. Gilmore, draft in Concord and Portsmouth, 15th Regt.,
August 31, 1863
From friend H. [? Coleston] at East Plainfield, on death of Dr.
Commins, G.P. Greeley at Nashua, Fort Wagner, Joseph Harris wounded,
James Haynes, Surgeon in charge of Gen. Hospital at Hilton Head,
Beaufort, traveling expenses.
January 2, 1864
From Joe at St. Helena Island, SC, on Morris Island, his watch duty
and drills, Spencer & Springfield rifles, bayonet and rammer,
copper cartridges, Col. Hawley of 7th Conn., Florida guerillas, 7th
Conn. Reenlisted and bounty, Julia, Elmer, Emily.
An unaddressed letter beginning with…”snow was gone and…” from Wm.
Little, on weather, shoe business, new Church, Mr. Noyes, wounded NH
2nd soldier from battle of Williamsburg, hospital wounded, battle at
Richmond, McClellan, Fremont, rebels,Corinth evacuation,
contradictory sentiments on war, Col. Whipple as Brig, Gen., Lt.
Col. Bell, writing.
July 30 [year unknown]
An incomplete letter from Wm. C. Little, on New York Tribune on
Congressional acts, Ben Butler notoriety, Chandler speech,
McClellan, Jackson’s rebel troops in Richmond, Julia, Joseph, Port
Royal, Charleston fight, Elmer, Pope’s Division, Elisa Noyes and
shoe making, Joshua F. Noyes, Anson L. Ring, Mr. Curland, aid for
families of soldiers.
|Box 1, Folder 39||January 1862 - December
1863. Contains three letters.
July 30, 1862
Addressed from friend, I. T. U. at Rome, New York, on Chuck in
Philadelphia, St. Augustine and land of “Gallinippers”, Gen.
Burnside at Hilton Head, Fernandina, McClellan’s defeat before
Richmond, Steven’s Brigade to Fort Monroe, 28th Mass. and 79th NY on
steamship Mississippi, Continental Hotel, visits in Philadelphia,
New York, and Albany, Stanwix Hall Hotel, Trenton Falls’ continental
burn, Saratoga and Niagara, Dr. Greeley and boys.
August 5, 1862
From J. G. Hunt at Niagara Falls, NY on visit to Niagara, Goat
Island, American Falls and “Horseshoe” Falls, Gen. Scott, Gen.
Brock, Blondin, Cataract House, Saratoga, Mrs. Sawyer, Mrs.
June 28, 1863
From J. E. Haynes at Hilton Head, SC, on letters, Col. Whipple,